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**Question 1**
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Some white balls put in a basket containing twelve red balls and sixteen black balls. If the probability of picking a white balls from the baskets is 3/7, how many white balls were introduced?

**Answer Details**

Let's say the number of white balls introduced is x. The total number of balls in the basket before introducing the white balls was 12 + 16 = 28. After introducing the x white balls, the total number of balls becomes 12 + 16 + x. Now, the probability of picking a white ball is given as 3/7. We can express this probability as: Number of white balls / Total number of balls = 3/7 Substituting the values, we get: x / (12 + 16 + x) = 3/7 Solving for x: 7x = 3(28 + x) 7x = 84 + 3x 4x = 84 x = 21 Therefore, the number of white balls introduced is 21. So, option (B) is the correct answer.

**Question 2**
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A container has 30 gold medals, 22 silver medals and 18 bronze medals. If one medals is selected at the random from the container, what is the probability that it is not a gold medal?

**Answer Details**

There are a total of 30 + 22 + 18 = 70 medals in the container. The probability of selecting a gold medal is 30/70. The probability of not selecting a gold medal is equal to the probability of selecting either a silver or a bronze medal. Therefore, the probability of not selecting a gold medal is (22 + 18)/70 = 40/70. This fraction can be simplified to 4/7, which is the answer.

**Question 3**
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PQRSTV is a regular polygon of side 7 cm inscribed in a circle. Find the circumference of the circle PQRSTV.

**Answer Details**

Each interior Angle of the polygon = | (n-2) | 180 |

_n |

= | (6-2) | 180 |

_6 |

= 4 x 30

= 120∘ $\circ $

i.e ∠PQR = 120∘ $\circ $ ∴ RQD = 120/2 = 60∘ $\circ $ also

∴ Δ QOR is equilateral Δ ∴ QO = 7cm

∴ PO = QO = RO ...... = 7cm radius of the circumference of the circle = 2πr

= 2 x 22/7 x 7/1

= 44 cm

**Question 4**
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Find the derivatives of the function y = 2x2(2x - 1) at the point x = -1

**Answer Details**

y = 2x2(2x - 1)

y = 4x3 - 2x2

dy/dx = 12x2 - 4x

at x = -1

dy/dx = 12(-1)2 - 4(-1)

= 12 + 4

= 16

**Question 5**
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The shaded area in the diagram above is represented by

**Answer Details**

Coordinates of the line are (x1 y1)(0,2) respectively and (x2 y2)(2,0) respectively

Gradient (m) of the line = (y2 - y1) / (x2 - x1) = (0-6) / (2-0) = -6/2

= -3

Equation of the line y-y1 = m(x-x1)

y - 6 = -3(x - 0)

y - 6 = -3x

y + 3x = 6

inequality; from the y axis, the shaded region is below the line

∴ y + 3x ∠ 6 and line is a broken line

**Question 6**
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Evaluate 110×23+141235−14

**Answer Details**

110×23+141235−14Numerator110×23+14=15+14=4+1560=1960denominator=1235−14=12×53−14=56−14=10−312=712Numeratordenominator=1960712=1960×127=1935

**Question 7**
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The shadow of a pole 5√3m high is 5m. Find the angle of elevation of the sun.

**Answer Details**

The height of the pole is 5√3m and its shadow on the ground is 5m. Let x be the angle of elevation of the sun. From the geometry of the situation, we can see that tan(x) = opposite/adjacent = (5√3)/5 = √3. Taking the inverse tangent of both sides, we get: x = tan^(-1)(√3) ≈ 60° Therefore, the angle of elevation of the sun is 60°. So the answer is (D) 60°.

**Question 8**
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The graph above shows the cumulative frequency curve of the distribution of marks in a class test. What percentage of the students scored more than 20 marks?

**Answer Details**

class-marks(x)(freq. (f)cum. freq.93.....3146....3+6=9199.....9+9=18243.....18+3=21292.....21+2=23342.....23+2=2525
$\begin{array}{ccc}\text{class-marks(x)}& \text{(freq. (f)}& \text{cum. freq.}\\ 9& & \mathrm{3.....3}\\ 14& & \mathrm{6....3}+6=9\\ 19& & \mathrm{9.....9}+9=18\\ 24& & \mathrm{3.....18}+3=21\\ 29& & \mathrm{2.....21}+2=23\\ 34& & \mathrm{2.....23}+2=25\\ & & 25\end{array}$

% of students scoring more than 20 marks

= 725 $\frac{7}{25}$ x 100% = 28%

**Question 9**
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The weight of 10 pupils in a class are 15 kg, 16 kg, 17 kg, 18 kg, 16 kg, 17 kg, 17 kg, 17 kg, 18 kg, and 16 kg. What is the range of this distribution?

**Answer Details**

The range of a distribution is the difference between the maximum and minimum values. In this case, the maximum weight is 18 kg and the minimum weight is 15 kg, so the range is 18 kg - 15 kg = 3 kg. Therefore, the answer is option (B) 3.

**Question 10**
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The length L of a simple pendulum varies directly as the square of its period T. If a pendulum with period 4 sec. is 64 cm long, find the length of pendulum whose period is 9 sec

**Answer Details**

The problem describes a direct variation between the length of a simple pendulum and the square of its period, which means that we can write the relationship as: L = kT^2 where L is the length of the pendulum, T is its period, and k is a constant of proportionality. To find the value of k, we can use the information given in the problem that a pendulum with a period of 4 seconds has a length of 64 cm. Substituting these values into the equation above, we get: 64 = k(4^2) 64 = 16k k = 4 Now that we know the value of k, we can use the same equation to find the length of a pendulum with a period of 9 seconds: L = 4(9^2) L = 324 Therefore, the length of the pendulum whose period is 9 seconds is 324 cm.

**Question 11**
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If the operation * on the set of integers is defined by p * Q = √pq $\sqrt{pq}$, find the value of 4 * ( 8 * 32).

**Answer Details**

P×Q=√PQ4×(8×32)=4×√8×32=4×√256=4×16=√4×16=√64=8

**Question 12**
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If y = 3 cos(x/3), find dy/dx when x = (3π/2)

**Answer Details**

y = 3cos(x/3)

dy/dx = 3x(1/3)x - sin (x/3)

= - sin x/3

But x = 3π/2 ∴ -sin(x/3) = -sin(3π/6)

= -sin (3 * 180)/6

= - sin 90

= -1

**Question 13**
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The nth term of two sequences are Qn = 3 . 2n - 2 and Um = 3 . 22m - 3. Find the product of Q2 and U2.

**Answer Details**

The nth term of the sequence Qn is Qn = 3*2^(n-2), and the mth term of the sequence Um is Um = 3*2^(2m-3). We are asked to find the product of Q2 and U2, which means we need to find Q2 and U2 and then multiply them together. Substituting n=2 in the formula for Qn, we get: Q2 = 3*2^(2-2) = 3*2^0 = 3*1 = 3 Substituting m=2 in the formula for Um, we get: U2 = 3*2^(2*2-3) = 3*2^1 = 3*2 = 6 So the product of Q2 and U2 is: Q2 * U2 = 3 * 6 = 18 Therefore, the answer is (A) 18.

**Question 14**
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Three teachers shared a packet of chalk. The first teacher got 2/5 of the chalk and the second teacher received 2/15 of the remainder. What fraction the the third teacher receive?

**Answer Details**

Let's assume the packet of chalk has a total of 15 units (the lowest common multiple of 5 and 15). The first teacher received 2/5 of this, which is 6 units of chalk. The remainder is 9 units of chalk (15 - 6). The second teacher received 2/15 of this remainder, which is (2/15) x 9 = 2/5 units of chalk. So the third teacher received the remaining chalk, which is 9 - 2/5 = 35/5 - 2/5 = 33/5 units of chalk. Therefore, the fraction of chalk that the third teacher received is 33/5, which can be simplified to 6 3/5 or 13/5. So the answer is option D: 13/25.

**Question 15**
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Find the derivatives of (2 + 3x)(1 - x) with respect to x

**Answer Details**

To find the derivative of the given function, we need to apply the product rule of differentiation, which is: d/dx [f(x)g(x)] = f(x)g'(x) + g(x)f'(x) Here, f(x) = (2 + 3x) and g(x) = (1 - x) Taking the derivatives of the functions separately, we have: f'(x) = 3 g'(x) = -1 Substituting the values in the product rule formula, we get: d/dx [(2 + 3x)(1 - x)] = (2 + 3x)(-1) + (1 - x)(3) Simplifying the expression, we get: d/dx [(2 + 3x)(1 - x)] = -2 - 3x + 3 - 3x d/dx [(2 + 3x)(1 - x)] = -6x + 1 Therefore, the correct answer is: -6x + 1.

**Question 16**
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Given that 3√42x = 16, find the value of x

**Answer Details**

3√42x = 16

this implies that (3√42x)3 = (16)3

42x = 42*3

42x = 46

∴ 2x = 6

x = 3

**Question 17**
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A farmer planted 5000 grains of maize and harvested 5000 cobs, each bearing 500 grains. What is the ratio of the number of grains sowed to the number harvested?

**Answer Details**

To find the ratio of the number of grains sowed to the number harvested, we need to divide the number of grains sowed by the number of grains harvested. Number of grains sowed = 5000 Number of grains harvested = 5000 cobs × 500 grains per cob = 2,500,000 So the ratio of the number of grains sowed to the number harvested is: 5000 : 2,500,000 Simplifying the ratio by dividing both sides by 5000, we get: 1 : 500 Therefore, the answer is: 1 : 500.

**Question 18**
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What is the rate of change of the volume v of a hemisphere with respect to its radius r when r = 2?

**Answer Details**

To find the rate of change of the volume of a hemisphere with respect to its radius, we need to differentiate the formula for the volume of a hemisphere with respect to its radius. The formula for the volume of a hemisphere is V = (2/3)πr^3. Taking the derivative of this formula with respect to r gives us dV/dr = 2πr^2. Therefore, the rate of change of the volume of the hemisphere with respect to its radius is 2πr^2. When r = 2, the rate of change is 2π(2^2) = 2π(4) = 8π. Thus, the answer is 8π.

**Question 19**
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Determine the locus of a point inside a square PQRS which is eqidistant from PQ and QR

**Answer Details**

The diagonal QS bisects the angle formed by PQ and QR

∴ [A]

**Question 20**
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Simplify 1√3+2 $\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}+2}$ in the form a+b√3

**Answer Details**

1√3+2=1√3+2×√3−2√3−2=√3−2(√3)2−22=√3−23−4=√3−21=−√3+2=2−√3

**Question 21**
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I. Rectangular bars of equal width

II. The height of each rectangular bar is proportional to the frequency of the corresponding class interval.

III. Rectangular bars have common sides with no gaps in between

A histogram is described completely by

**Answer Details**

A histogram is a graphical representation of a frequency distribution of a dataset, where the data is divided into intervals or bins and the frequency of each interval is represented by the area of a rectangle or bar. To construct a histogram, we need to follow certain rules, which are described by the statements: I. Rectangular bars of equal width II. The height of each rectangular bar is proportional to the frequency of the corresponding class interval. III. Rectangular bars have common sides with no gaps in between. Therefore, a histogram is described completely by statements I, II, and III. Statement I ensures that each bar is of equal width, which is necessary to represent the intervals or bins in a consistent way. Statement II ensures that the height of each bar accurately represents the frequency of the corresponding class interval. This is important because the area of the bar represents the frequency of the interval, which is the product of the width and height of the bar. Statement III ensures that the bars are adjacent to each other without any gaps, which is necessary to accurately represent the continuity of the data. Hence, the correct answer is option (A) I, II, and III.

**Question 22**
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The mean age of a group of students is 15 years. When the age of a teacher, 45 years old, is added to the age of the students, the mean of their ages becomes 18 years. Find the number of the students in the group

**Answer Details**

Let's start by defining some variables: - n: the number of students in the group - sum_age_students: the sum of the ages of the students We know that the mean age of the group of students is 15, so we can write: mean_age_students = sum_age_students / n = 15 From the problem, we also know that when the age of the teacher is added to the age of the students, the mean of their ages becomes 18. So we can write another equation: (mean_age_students + 45) = (sum_age_students + 45) / (n + 1) = 18 Now we have two equations with two variables (n and sum_age_students), and we can solve for them simultaneously. Let's start by simplifying the second equation: sum_age_students + 45 = 18(n + 1) sum_age_students = 18n + 27 Now we can substitute this expression for sum_age_students in the first equation: sum_age_students / n = 15 (18n + 27) / n = 15 18n + 27 = 15n 3n = 27 n = 9 Therefore, there are 9 students in the group.

**Question 23**
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Find the mean deviation of 1, 2, 3 and 4.

**Question 24**
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Factorize completely ac - 2bc - a + 4b2

**Answer Details**

To factorize the expression, we can group the terms as follows: ac - 2bc - a + 4b^2 = a(c - 1) - 2b(c - 2b) Now we can factor out the common factors: a(c - 1) - 2b(c - 2b) = (c - 1)(a - 2b) So the completely factored form of the expression is: ac - 2bc - a + 4b^2 = (c - 1)(a - 2b) Therefore, the correct answer is option A: (a - 2b)(c - a - 2b).

**Question 25**
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A committee of six is to be formed by a state governor from nine state commissioners and three members of the state house of assembly. In how many ways can the members of the committee be chosen so as to include one member of the house of assembly

**Answer Details**

3C1×9C5=3!(3−1)!1!×9!(9−5)!5!=3!2!1!×9!4!5!=3×2!2!×1×9×8×7×6×5!4×3×2×1×5!=3×9×2×7=378ways

**Question 26**
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P, R and S lie on a circle center as shown above while Q lies outside the circle. Find ∠PSO

**Answer Details**

xo = 35 + 29 (Exterior angle = sum of two interior opposite angles)

x = 55o (∠ at the center twice ∠ at circumference) y = 110o

∠PSO = ∠SPO (base ∠S of 1sc Δ b/c PO = SO)

∴ ∠PSO = (180 - 110)/2

= 35o

**Question 27**
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y = is inversely proportional to x and y = 4 when x = 1/2. Find x when y = 10.

**Answer Details**

y ∝ 1/x

y = K/x

K = xy

K = (1/2) * 4 ( when y = 4 and x = 1/2)

K = 2

∴y = 2/x

10 = 2/x (when y = 10)

10x = 2

x = 2/10

x = 1/5

**Question 28**
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What are the integer values of x which satisfy the inequality -1 < 3 -2x ≤ $\le $ 5?

**Answer Details**

The inequality given is: -1 < 3 - 2x ≤ 5. We need to find the integer values of x that satisfy this inequality. First, let's solve for the left side of the inequality: -1 < 3 - 2x. Add 2x to both sides: 2x - 1 < 3 Add 1 to both sides: 2x < 4 Divide both sides by 2: x < 2 Now, let's solve for the right side of the inequality: 3 - 2x ≤ 5. Subtract 3 from both sides: -2x ≤ 2 Divide both sides by -2, remembering to flip the inequality: x ≥ -1 So, the integer values of x that satisfy the inequality are -1, 0, 1, and 2. Therefore, the correct option is: - -1, 0, 1,

**Question 29**
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Evaluate ∫31(X2−1)dx

**Answer Details**

∫31(x2−1)dx=[13x2−x]31=(9−3)−(13−1)=6−(−23)=6+23=623

**Question 30**
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Find the value of α2 + β2 if α + β = 2 and the distance between points (1, α) and (β, 1)is 3 units

**Answer Details**

PQ=√(β−1)2+(1−α)23=√(β2−2β2+1+1−2α+α2)3=√(α2+β2−2α+2β+2)3=√(α2+β2−2(α+β)+2)3=√(α2+β2−2∗2+2)3=√(α2+β2−2)9=(α2+β2−2)α2+β2=9+2α2+β2=11

**Question 31**
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In the diagram above, PQ = 4 cm and TS = 6 cm. If the area of parallelogram PQTU is 32 cm2, find the area of the trapezium PQRU

**Answer Details**

To find the area of the trapezium PQRU, we need to know the length of its height or perpendicular distance between the parallel sides PQ and RU. We can find this height by using the area of the parallelogram PQTU, which has the same base PQ and height as the trapezium, and a known area of 32 cm². Area of parallelogram PQTU = base × height 32 cm² = 4 cm × height Height = 8 cm Now we can use the formula for the area of a trapezium: Area of trapezium PQRU = (sum of parallel sides × height) ÷ 2 = (PQ + RU) × height ÷ 2 = (4 cm + 10 cm) × 8 cm ÷ 2 = 56 cm² Therefore, the area of trapezium PQRU is 56 cm². Answer option (B) is correct.

**Question 32**
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Find the sum to infinity of the series 1/2 , 1/6, 1/18, .....

**Answer Details**

The given series is a geometric series with the first term a = 1/2 and the common ratio r = 1/3. To find the sum to infinity of the series, we can use the formula: S = a/(1 - r) where S is the sum to infinity. Substituting the values of a and r, we get: S = (1/2)/(1 - 1/3) = (1/2)/(2/3) = 1/2 * 3/2 = 3/4 Therefore, the sum to infinity of the series 1/2, 1/6, 1/18, ... is 3/4. So the answer is (C) 3/4.

**Question 33**
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Find the midpoint of the line joining P(-3, 5) and Q(5, -3).

**Answer Details**

The midpoint of a line segment is the point that is exactly halfway between the endpoints of the line segment. The formula for finding the midpoint of a line segment with endpoints (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is: Midpoint = ((x1 + x2) / 2, (y1 + y2) / 2) In this case, we are given the endpoints of the line segment PQ as P(-3, 5) and Q(5, -3). Using the formula for the midpoint, we can find the coordinates of the midpoint as: Midpoint = ((-3 + 5) / 2, (5 - 3) / 2) = (2 / 2, 2 / 2) = (1, 1) Therefore, the midpoint of the line joining P(-3, 5) and Q(5, -3) is (1, 1). Hence, the correct answer is option (A) (1, 1).

**Question 34**
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