# Introductory Calculus

## Overview

Welcome to the introductory calculus course material, where we delve into the fascinating world of calculus – a fundamental branch of mathematics that deals with change and motion. In this course, we will explore the concepts of differentiation and integration which are integral to understanding the behavior of functions and curves.

Firstly, let's embark on a journey to comprehend the concept of differentiation. Differentiation involves the process of finding the derived function of a given function, which essentially gives us the rate of change at any point on the curve. This concept is crucial in analyzing how one quantity changes concerning another.

As we progress, we will discuss the relationship between the gradient of a curve at a point and the differential coefficient of the equation of that curve at the same point. Understanding this relationship is vital in grasping the deeper essence of differentiation and how it influences the behavior of functions.

Moving on to integration, we will delve into the concept of finding the antiderivative of a function. Integration allows us to compute the accumulation of quantities and is immensely valuable in various real-life applications, such as calculating areas under curves and determining volumes of complex shapes.

Within this course material, we will focus on differentiation of algebraic functions and integration of simple algebraic functions. These subtopics will equip you with the tools needed to apply the principles of calculus to solve problems involving polynomial, exponential, and trigonometric functions.

By the end of this course, you will not only understand the fundamental concepts of differentiation and integration but also apply them to analyze and solve algebraic equations effectively. Through practice and mastery of these calculus techniques, you will develop a newfound appreciation for the power and versatility of calculus in shaping our understanding of the world around us.

## Objectives

1. Apply differentiation to algebraic functions
2. Master the process of integrating simple algebraic functions
3. Understand the concept of differentiation and the derived function
4. Grasp the concept of integration
5. Explore the relationship between the gradient of a curve and the differential coefficient
6. Practice evaluating simple definite algebraic equations

## Lesson Note

Calculus is a branch of mathematics focused on studying change and motion; it is divided into two main areas: differentiation and integration. In this lesson, we will delve into the basics of both concepts and explore how they relate to each other. By understanding calculus, you will be better equipped to analyze various mathematical and real-world problems.

## Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Introductory Calculus. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

1. What is the concept of differentiation in calculus? A. The process of finding the derivative of a function B. The process of finding the integral of a function C. The process of finding the limit of a function D. The process of simplifying a function Answer: A. The process of finding the derivative of a function
2. Which of the following is a subtopic of Introductory Calculus? A. Trigonometry B. Differentiation Of Algebraic Functions C. Geometry D. Probability Answer: B. Differentiation Of Algebraic Functions
3. What is the relationship between the gradient of a curve at a point and the differential coefficient? A. They are always equal B. They are inversely proportional C. They are not related D. The gradient is the integral of the differential coefficient Answer: A. They are always equal
4. Which process in calculus involves finding the area under a curve? A. Differentiation B. Integration C. Limit calculation D. Trigonometric functions Answer: B. Integration
5. When evaluating simple definite algebraic equations, what is typically found? A. The derivative of the function B. The gradient of the curve C. The area under the curve D. The value of the integral within specific bounds Answer: D. The value of the integral within specific bounds

## Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Introductory Calculus from previous years

Question 1

In the diagram above, ?PTQ = ?URP = 25° and XPU = 4URP. Calculate ?USQ.

Question 1

Evaluate the following limit:

Question 1

If cos x = - $$\frac{5}{13}$$ where 180° < X < 270°, what is the value of tan x -sin x ?

Practice a number of Introductory Calculus past questions