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**Question 1**
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A sector of a circle of radius 7.2cm which subtends an angle of 300∘ $\circ $ at the centre is used to form a cone. What is the radius of the base of the cone?

**Question 2**
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Evaluate ∫2(2x-3)2/3dx

**Answer Details**

To evaluate the definite integral ∫2(2x-3)^{2/3} dx, we can use the following formula: ∫u^{n} du = (u^{n+1})/(n+1) + C where C is the constant of integration. Using this formula, we can rewrite the integral as: ∫2(2x-3)^{2/3} dx = 2 ∫(2x-3)^{2/3} dx Let u = 2x - 3, then du/dx = 2 and dx = du/2. Substituting this into the integral, we get: 2 ∫(2x-3)^{2/3} dx = 2 ∫u^{2/3} (du/2) = ∫u^{2/3} du Using the formula, we get: ∫u^{2/3} du = (u^{5/3})/(5/3) + C Substituting back for u, we get: ∫2(2x-3)^{2/3} dx = (2(2x-3)^{5/3})/(5/3) + C Simplifying, we get: ∫2(2x-3)^{2/3} dx = (6(2x-3)^{5/3})/5 + C Therefore, the correct answer is option A: 3/5(2x-3)^{5/3} + k.

**Question 3**
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Factorize 4x2 - 9y2 + 20x + 25

**Answer Details**

Given: 4x2 - 9y2 + 20x + 25

Collect like terms: 4x2 + 20x + 25 - 9y2

(2x + 5)(2x + 5) - 9y2

(2x + 5)2 - (3y)2

(2x - 3y +5)(2x + 3y + 5)

**Question 4**
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Given that p=1+√2 $p=1+\sqrt{2}$ and q=1−√2, $q=1-\sqrt{2},$ evaluate (p2−q2)2pq $\frac{({p}^{2}-{q}^{2})}{2pq}$.

**Answer Details**

First, let's evaluate p^2 and q^2: p^2 = (1+√2)^2 = 1 + 2√2 + 2 = 3 + 2√2 q^2 = (1-√2)^2 = 1 - 2√2 + 2 = 3 - 2√2 Next, let's substitute the values of p^2 and q^2 into the expression (p^2 - q^2)/(2pq): (p^2 - q^2)/(2pq) = ((3 + 2√2) - (3 - 2√2))/(2(1+√2)(1-√2)) = (4√2)/(2(1-2)) = (4√2)/(-2) = -2√2 Therefore, the answer is -2√2.

**Question 5**
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The bar chart above shows different colours of passing a particular point of a certain street in two minutes. What fraction of the total number of cars

**Answer Details**

The total number of cars that passed the point on the street in two minutes is not given in the chart. Therefore, we cannot determine the fraction of the total number of cars from the information provided. The chart only shows the relative frequency or proportion of cars of different colors that passed the point during the two-minute observation period. For example, if the chart shows that 3 out of 25 cars were blue, then the proportion of blue cars passing the point during the two minutes was 3/25. To find the fraction of the total number of cars, we would need to know the total number of cars that passed the point during the two-minute observation period.

**Question 6**
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Find the value of P if the line joining (P, 4) and (6, -2) is perpendicular to the line joining (2, P) and (-1, 3).

**Answer Details**

Hint: If two lines a perpendicular, the gradient of one is equal to minus the reciprocal of the other (P, 4) and (6, -2)

**Question 7**
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What is the rate of change of the volume v of a hemisphere with respect to its radius r when r = 2?

**Answer Details**

To solve this problem, we need to use the formula for the volume of a hemisphere, which is V = (2/3)πr^3. We want to find the rate of change of V with respect to r, which is given by dV/dr = 2πr^2. When r = 2, we can substitute this value into the formula to get dV/dr = 2π(2)^2 = 8π. Therefore, the rate of change of the volume of a hemisphere with respect to its radius when r = 2 is 8π.

**Question 8**
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If x=y2 $x=\frac{y}{2}$,evaluate(x3y3+12)÷(12−x2y2)

**Question 9**
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The distribution of colours of beads in a bowl is given above. What is the probability that a bead selected at random will be blue or white?

**Answer Details**

Total number of beads

= 1+2+4+5+3

=15

Number of blue beads = 1

P(Blue beads) = 1/15

Numbers of white beads = 4

P(white beads) = 4/15

∴P(Blue of white beads)

= P(Blue) + P(White)

= 1/15 + 4/15

= 5/15

= 1/3

**Question 10**
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Solve the equations

m2 + n2 = 29

m + n = 7

**Answer Details**

m2 + n2 = 29 .......(1)

m + n = 7 ............(2)

From (2),

m = 7 - n

but m2 + n2 = 29, substituting;

(7-n)2 + n2 = 29

49 - 14n + n2 + n2 = 29

=> 2n2 -14n + 20 = 0

Thus n2 -7n + 10 = 0

Factorizing;

(n-5)(n-2) = 0

n - 5 = 0, => n = 5

n - 2 = 0, => n = 2.

When n = 5,

m + n = 7, => m = 2,

When n = 2,

m + n = 7, => m = 5.

Thus (m,n) = (5,2) and (2,5)

**Question 11**
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If y = x sinx, find dy/dx when x = ?/2.

**Answer Details**

To find dy/dx, we need to take the derivative of y with respect to x. Using the product rule of differentiation, we have: dy/dx = (sinx) + (x)(cosx) So, when x = ?/2, we can substitute this value into the expression to get: dy/dx = (sin(?/2)) + (?/2)(cos(?/2)) We know that sin(?/2) = 1 and cos(?/2) = 0, so we can simplify the expression: dy/dx = (1) + (?/2)(0) dy/dx = 1 Therefore, the answer is 1.

**Question 12**
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Find the number of sides of a regular polygon whose interior angle is twice the exterior angle.

**Answer Details**

Let the ext. angle = x

Thus int. angle = 2x

But sum of int + ext = 180 (angle of a straight line).

2x + x = 180

3x = 180

x = 180/3 = 60

Each ext angle = 360/n

=> 60 = 360/n

n = 360/60 = 6

**Question 13**
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Given the scores: 4, 7, 8, 11, 13, 8 with corresponding frequencies: 3, 5, 2, 7, 2, 1 respectively. Find the square of the mode.

**Answer Details**

Mode = score with highest frequency = 11.

Square of 11 = 121

**Question 14**
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Find the square pf the mode

**Answer Details**

Mode = 11

Square of the mode = 112

=121

**Question 15**
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Find the value of ?
$?$ in the diagram

**Answer Details**

Using cosine formula (t?3 $3$)2 = t2 + t2 - 2t2 cos? $?$

3t2 = 2t2 - 2t2 cos? $?$ = 2t2(1 - cos? $?$)

1 - cos? $?$ = 3t22t2 $\frac{3{t}^{2}}{2{t}^{2}}$ = 32 $\frac{3}{2}$

cos = 1 - 32=?12 $\frac{3}{2}=?\frac{1}{2}$

? $?$ = cos-1(-12 $\frac{1}{2}$) = 120? $?$ and 240? $?$

N.B 0 ? $?$ ? $?$ 360

**Question 16**
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The histogram above shows the distribution of passengers in taxis of a certain motor park. How many taxis have more than 4 passengers

**Answer Details**

Looking at the histogram, we can see that the height of the bars represents the number of taxis with a particular number of passengers. We can count the number of taxis with more than 4 passengers by adding up the heights of the bars for 5, 6, 7, and 8 passengers. Counting these bars, we can see that there are a total of 17 taxis with more than 4 passengers. Therefore, the answer is 17.

**Question 17**
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The sixth term of an A.P is half of its twelfth term. The first term of the A.P is equal to

**Answer Details**

Let's assume that the first term of the A.P is 'a', and the common difference is 'd'. We know that for an A.P, the nth term is given by: a + (n-1)d According to the problem, the sixth term is equal to half of the twelfth term. So, we can write: a + 5d = 1/2 (a + 11d) Multiplying both sides by 2 to eliminate the fraction: 2a + 10d = a + 11d Simplifying, we get: a = d Therefore, the first term of the A.P is equal to the common difference. So, the correct answer is "the common difference."

**Question 18**
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Find the principal which amounts to ₦5,500 at a simple interest in 5 years at 2% per annum.

**Answer Details**

Principal, P = Amount, A - Interest, I.

A = P + I

I = (P.T.R)/100 = (P x 5 x 2)/100 = 10P/100 = P/10

But A = P + I,

=> 5500 = P + (P/10)

=> 55000 = 10P + P

=> 55000 = 11P

Thus P = 55000/11 = ₦5,000

**Question 19**
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Find the dimensions of a rectangle of greatest area which has a fixed perimeter p.

**Answer Details**

Let the rectangle be a square of sides p/4.

So that perimeter of square = 4p

4 x (p/4) = p.

**Question 20**
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Divide: ax3x - 26x2x + 156ax - 216 by a2x - 24ax + 108

**Answer Details**

To divide the given expression, we can use the long division method.

ax^2 - 26x + 156a - 216b ___________________________________ ax | ax^3 + 3x^2 - 26x^2 + 156ax - 216bx^2 - 24ax + 108 -ax^3 ----- 3x^2 - 216bx^2 3x^2 - 3ax^2 -------------- -216bx^2 + 3ax^2 -216bx^2 + 36ax^2 ------------------ -33ax^2 + 156a - 216bx^2 - 24ax + 108 -33ax^2 + 33bx^2 ------------------ 156a - 33ax^2 - 24ax + 108 156a - 33ax^2 - 156ax + 33ax ------------------------- -24ax + 108 -24ax + 24bx ------------- 108 - 24bx 108 - 2ax -------- 2ax - 24bx + 108

Therefore, the quotient is **ax - 2** with a remainder of **2ax - 24bx + 108**.

Hence, the answer is **ax - 2**.

**Question 21**
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Given the scores: 4, 7, 8, 11, 13, 8 with corresponding frequencies: 3, 5, 2, 7, 2, 1 respectively. The mean score is

**Answer Details**

To find the mean score, we need to calculate the sum of all the scores, and then divide it by the total number of scores. The scores are given as 4, 7, 8, 11, 13, 8 with corresponding frequencies of 3, 5, 2, 7, 2, 1 respectively. So, the sum of all the scores is: 4 × 3 + 7 × 5 + 8 × 2 + 11 × 7 + 13 × 2 + 8 × 1 = 12 + 35 + 16 + 77 + 26 + 8 = 174 The total number of scores is: 3 + 5 + 2 + 7 + 2 + 1 = 20 Therefore, the mean score is: mean = sum of scores / total number of scores = 174 / 20 = 8.7 So, the answer is.

**Question 22**
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Team P and Q are involved in a game of football.What is the probability that the game ends in a draw?

**Answer Details**

P(Games ends in draw)

This implies that Team P and Q wins

∴ P(P wins) = 1/2

P(Q wins) = 1/2

∴ P(game ends in a draw) = 1/2*1/2 = 1/4

**Question 23**
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Given an isosceles triangle with length of 2 equal sides t units and opposite side √3t units with angle θ. Find the value of the angle θ opposite to the √3t units.

**Answer Details**

In an isosceles triangle, the two equal sides are opposite to the two equal angles. Therefore, the angle opposite to the side of length √3t would be equal to the other equal angle of the triangle. Let's call this angle x. Then, using the fact that the sum of the angles in a triangle is 180°, we can write: x + x + θ = 180 Simplifying this equation, we get: 2x + θ = 180 Now, we know that the two equal sides of the triangle have length t, so we can use the cosine formula to write: cos(x) = (t/2) / √(3t^2/4) Simplifying this expression, we get: cos(x) = 1/√3 Taking the inverse cosine of both sides, we get: x = 30° Substituting this value of x into the earlier equation, we get: 2(30°) + θ = 180° θ = 120° Therefore, the answer is option (B) 120°.

**Question 24**
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A point P moves such that it is equidistant from Points Q and R. Find QR when PR = 8cm and angle PRQ = 30°

**Answer Details**

Hint: Make a sketch of the moving points such that the hypotenuse is 8cm and the adjacent x cm.

Cos 30 = x/8

x = 8 cos 30 = 8√3cm

**Question 25**
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⊗ | k | l | m |

k | l | m | k |

l | m | k | l |

m | k | l | m |

The identity element with respect to the multiplication shown in the table above is

**Question 26**
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Find the range of 1/6, 1/3, 3/2, 2/3, 8/9 and 4/3

**Answer Details**

To find the range of a set of numbers, we need to find the difference between the largest and smallest numbers in the set. The given set of numbers are: 1/6, 1/3, 3/2, 2/3, 8/9, and 4/3. The smallest number in the set is 1/6 and the largest number in the set is 3/2. So, the range of the set is: 3/2 - 1/6 = 9/6 - 1/6 = 8/6 = 4/3 Therefore, the answer is 4/3.

**Question 27**
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The mean score is

**Answer Details**

Mean ((4*3) + (7*5) + (8*2) + (11*7) + (13*2) + (8*1))/20

(12 + 35 + 16 + 77 + 26 + 8)/20

174/20 = 8.7

**Question 28**
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An operation * is defined on the set of real numbers by a*b = a + b + 1. If the identity elements is -1, find the inverse of the element 2 under *.

**Answer Details**

First, let's find the inverse of the element 2 under the operation * on the set of real numbers. The inverse of an element "a" under the operation "*" is another element "b" such that a*b = b*a = identity element. The identity element under the operation "*" is given as -1, so we have: 2 * b = b * 2 = -1 Substituting the value of the identity element, we get: 2 * b = b * 2 + 1 = -1 Simplifying the equation, we get: 2b = -3 b = -3/2 Therefore, the inverse of the element 2 under the operation * is -3/2. To check if this is correct, we can substitute the values of 2 and -3/2 into the operation * and see if we get the identity element: 2 * (-3/2) = -3/2 * 2 = -1 Since we get the identity element, we can confirm that the inverse of the element 2 under the operation * is -3/2. So, the answer to the question is option (C) -2.

**Question 30**
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A cylindrical tank has a capacity of 3080 m3. What is the depth of the tank if the diameter of its base is 14 m?

(Take pi = 22/7)

**Answer Details**

The formula for the volume of a cylindrical tank is V = πr^2h, where V is the volume, r is the radius, and h is the height or depth of the tank. We are given that the capacity or volume of the tank is 3080 m^3, and we can find the radius by dividing the diameter by 2: d = 14 m r = d/2 = 7 m Substituting the given values in the formula, we get: 3080 = (22/7) x 7^2 x h Simplifying the expression, we get: 3080 = 22 x 7 x 7 x h/7 3080 = 22 x 7 x h 3080 = 154h h = 3080/154 h = 20 Therefore, the depth of the tank is 20 meters. Answer: 20 m

**Question 31**
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A car dealer bought a second-hand car for ₦250,000 and spent ₦70,000 refurbishing it. He then sold the car for ₦400,000. What is the percentage gain?

**Answer Details**

The dealer bought the car for ₦250,000 and spent ₦70,000 refurbishing it, for a total cost of: Total cost = ₦250,000 + ₦70,000 = ₦320,000 The dealer then sold the car for ₦400,000. The profit made by the dealer is the difference between the selling price and the cost price: Profit = Selling price - Cost price Profit = ₦400,000 - ₦320,000 = ₦80,000 The percentage gain is the profit expressed as a percentage of the cost price: Percentage gain = (Profit / Cost price) x 100% Substituting the values we get: Percentage gain = (₦80,000 / ₦320,000) x 100% Percentage gain = 0.25 x 100% Percentage gain = 25% Therefore, the percentage gain made by the dealer is 25%, and the answer is.

**Question 32**
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Given distribution of color beads: blue, black, yellow, white and brown with frequencies 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 respectively. Find the probability that a bead picked at random will be blue or white.

**Answer Details**

There are a total of 1+2+3+4+5 = 15 beads. The probability of picking a blue bead is 1/15, since there is only one blue bead out of the total of 15 beads. The probability of picking a white bead is 4/15, since there are 4 white beads out of the total of 15 beads. To find the probability of picking a blue or white bead, we add the probabilities of picking a blue bead and a white bead: P(blue or white) = P(blue) + P(white) P(blue or white) = 1/15 + 4/15 P(blue or white) = 5/15 P(blue or white) = 1/3 Therefore, the probability of picking a blue or white bead is 1/3.

**Question 33**
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Triangle SPT is the solution of the linear inequalities

**Question 34**
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Find the area bounded by the curves y = 4 - x2 and y = 2x + 1

**Answer Details**

Hint:

y = 4 - x2 and y = 2x + 1

=> 4 - x2 = 2x + 1

=> x2 + 2x - 3 = 0

(x+3)(x-1) = 0

thus x = -3 or x = 1.

Integrating x2 + 2x - 3 from (-3, to 1) w.r.t x will give 31/3 = 10(1/3)

**Question 35**
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Find the variance of 2, 6, 8, 6, 2 and 6

**Answer Details**

To find the variance of a set of numbers, you need to follow these steps: 1. Find the mean (average) of the set. 2. Subtract the mean from each number in the set. 3. Square each of the differences. 4. Find the mean (average) of the squared differences. Let's apply these steps to the set of numbers given: 2, 6, 8, 6, 2, and 6. 1. The mean of the set is (2+6+8+6+2+6)/6 = 5. 2. Subtracting the mean from each number gives us the following differences: -3, 1, 3, 1, -3, 1. 3. Squaring each difference gives us: 9, 1, 9, 1, 9, 1. 4. Finding the mean of these squared differences gives us (9+1+9+1+9+1)/6 = 5. Therefore, the variance of the set is 5. In summary, variance is a measure of how spread out a set of numbers is. A high variance means that the numbers in the set are far from the mean, while a low variance means that the numbers are closer to the mean.

**Question 36**
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The chord ST of a circle is equal to the radius, r, of the circle. Find the length of arc ST.

**Answer Details**

In a circle, the length of an arc is proportional to the angle it subtends at the center of the circle. Since ST is a chord and its length is equal to the radius of the circle, then angle SOT, where O is the center of the circle, is 60 degrees (because it subtends an equilateral triangle). Therefore, the length of arc ST is 1/6 of the circumference of the circle (because 60 degrees is 1/6 of a full revolution, which is 360 degrees). The circumference of the circle is 2πr, so the length of arc ST is: Length of arc ST = 1/6 * 2πr = πr/3 Hence, the answer is option D: πr/3.

**Question 37**
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Find the number of ways of selecting 8 subjects from 12 subjects for an examination

**Answer Details**

This question is asking us to find the number of ways to select 8 subjects out of 12 subjects. This is a combination problem since the order in which the subjects are selected does not matter. The formula for combination is nCr = n!/r!(n-r)!, where n is the total number of items, r is the number of items to be selected, and ! represents the factorial function. Applying this formula to the given problem, we have: 12C8 = 12!/8!(12-8)! = (12x11x10x9)/(4x3x2x1) = 495 Therefore, there are 495 ways of selecting 8 subjects out of 12 subjects. Hence, the correct option is 495.

**Question 38**
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If the gradient of the curve y = 2kx2 + x + 1 at x = 1 is 9, find k.

**Answer Details**

The given curve is y = 2kx² + x + 1, and we are asked to find the value of k when the gradient at x = 1 is 9. The gradient of a curve at a particular point is the slope of the tangent to the curve at that point. To find the gradient of this curve at x = 1, we need to differentiate it with respect to x: dy/dx = 4kx + 1 Now we can substitute x = 1 and set the result equal to 9, which gives: 4k(1) + 1 = 9 Simplifying this equation, we get: 4k = 8 Dividing both sides by 4, we obtain: k = 2 Therefore, the value of k that satisfies the given conditions is 2.

**Question 39**
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The graph shows the cumulative frequency of the distribution of masses of fertilizer for 48 workers in one institution. Which of the following gives the inter-quartile range?

**Question 40**
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