Foreign Policy


Foreign policy is a critical component of a nation's interactions with other countries, encompassing the strategies and principles that guide its external relations. In the context of Nigeria, understanding foreign policy is essential for comprehending the country's diplomatic engagements and international position.

Definition: Foreign policy can be defined as the set of strategies, decisions, and actions adopted by a state to safeguard its national interests and achieve specific goals in the international arena. It reflects a country's aspirations, values, and priorities in engaging with other nations on various issues such as trade, security, and diplomacy.

Purpose: The primary purpose of foreign policy is to protect the national interests of a country while promoting its values and objectives on the global stage. For Nigeria, this includes ensuring national security, fostering economic development through international partnerships, and projecting its influence within regional and international organizations.

Determining Factors: Several factors influence a country's foreign policy decisions, including historical relationships, geopolitical considerations, economic interests, security concerns, and cultural ties. In the case of Nigeria, factors such as its colonial past, regional leadership role in Africa, energy resources, and global alliances shape its foreign policy orientations.

Formulation and Implementation: Formulating foreign policy involves a complex process that includes diplomatic negotiations, strategic assessments, policy planning, and decision-making by government officials. Implementation requires effective coordination among various government agencies, diplomats, and international partners to execute the defined foreign policy objectives. Understanding foreign policy is crucial for analyzing Nigeria's relations with other countries and international organizations.

By examining the determinants of foreign policy, students can gain insights into the strategic priorities and challenges facing Nigeria in its diplomatic engagements. Moreover, grasping the intricacies of foreign policy formulation and implementation provides a holistic perspective on how nations navigate the complexities of the global political landscape. In summary, delving into the realm of foreign policy offers a fascinating exploration of Nigeria's interactions with the international community, shedding light on the country's aspirations, challenges, and opportunities in the dynamic world of diplomacy.

Through this course, students will not only comprehend the theoretical foundations of foreign policy but also appreciate its practical implications for Nigeria's role in shaping global affairs. [[[Diagram Description: A conceptual diagram illustrating the interconnected nature of historical relationships, geopolitical considerations, economic interests, security concerns, and cultural ties in influencing a country's foreign policy decisions.]]]


  1. Define Foreign Policy
  2. Analyze Nigeria's Relations with other Countries
  3. Explain the Purpose of Foreign Policy
  4. Identify Determinants of Foreign Policy
  5. Assess the Implementation of Foreign Policy in Nigeria
  6. Evaluate Factors Influencing Formulation of Foreign Policy

Lesson Note

Foreign policy refers to a nation's strategy in dealing with other countries. This strategy encompasses decisions and actions that determine a country's interactions at the international level, aiming to achieve specific national interests such as security, economic growth, and influential power.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Foreign Policy. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the determinants of foreign policy? A. History, geography, culture B. Economy, military, technology C. Human rights, democracy, diplomacy D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  2. What is the purpose of foreign policy? A. To make allies with neighboring countries only B. To advance national interests in the global arena C. To promote isolationism and avoid international relations D. None of the above Answer: B. To advance national interests in the global arena
  3. Which of the following is not a factor that influences foreign policy formulation? A. Domestic politics B. International environment C. Individual leader's favorite color D. National security concerns Answer: C. Individual leader's favorite color
  4. Define foreign policy. A. Policies governing interactions within a country B. Policies governing interactions with foreign countries C. Policies governing military actions D. Policies governing economic growth Answer: B. Policies governing interactions with foreign countries

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Foreign Policy from previous years

Question 1 Report

The Economic Community of West African States was established with the following aims except to

Question 1 Report

Nigeria's foreign policy is influenced by its position as a major exporter of

Question 1 Report

An important achievement of ECOWAS is the

Practice a number of Foreign Policy past questions