Pasture And Forage Crops


In the field of Agronomy, the study of Pasture and Forage Crops holds significant importance in agricultural practices. This course material delves into a comprehensive examination of the gross morphology, methods of propagation, and husbandry of common pasture grasses and legumes. Additionally, it covers the establishment, maintenance, conservation, and diverse uses of pastures and forage crops in agricultural settings.

**Classification of common grasses and legumes** utilized as pastures and forage stands as a fundamental aspect of this course material. By understanding the common and scientific names of these plants, students can effectively identify and differentiate between pasture and forage crops. The ability to discern these distinctions aids in the optimal utilization and management of these crops for agricultural purposes.

Furthermore, a key component of this course material is distinguishing between the various methods of conserving pastures. **Hay- and silage making**, for example, are vital practices in ensuring the availability of quality forage throughout the year. Understanding these conservation methods equips students with the knowledge needed to effectively manage pasture resources and sustain livestock production.

The overarching objectives of this topic guide students to relate different vegetational zones to their dominant pasture species and determine range types and utilization of range resources in Nigeria. By achieving these objectives, students gain a comprehensive understanding of the agricultural landscape and the optimal practices for pasture and forage crop management.


  1. Relate Different Vegetational Zones to Their Dominant Pasture Species
  2. Determine Range Types and Utilization of Range Resources in Nigeria

Lesson Note

Pasture and forage crops are essential for the raising of livestock. These crops provide the necessary nutrients for animals, ensuring their health and productivity. In Nigeria, understanding the various vegetation zones and their dominant pasture species, as well as the utilization of range resources, is critical for effective livestock management.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Pasture And Forage Crops. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the characteristics of common pasture grasses and legumes used as forage crops? A. Study of gross morphology, methods of propagation, and husbandry B. Classification based on color C. Use in ornamental gardening D. Origin from tropical rainforests Answer: A. Study of gross morphology, methods of propagation, and husbandry
  2. Differentiate between pasture and forage crops by their common and scientific names. A. Pasture crops are for grazing, while forage crops are for hay production B. Pasture crops always have higher nutritional value C. Common Name: Bermuda Grass, Scientific Name: Cynodon dactylon D. Common Name: Alfalfa, Scientific Name: Triticum aestivum Answer: C. Common Name: Bermuda Grass, Scientific Name: Cynodon dactylon
  3. What are the methods of conserving pastures for future use? A. Watering B. Plowing C. Hay-making and silage-making D. Fertilization Answer: C. Hay-making and silage-making
  4. How can one establish and maintain pastures successfully? A. Regularly burn the pasture area B. Overgraze continuously C. Monitor soil fertility and pH levels D. Ignore pest and disease control Answer: C. Monitor soil fertility and pH levels

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Pasture And Forage Crops from previous years

Question 1 Report

a. State the roles played by the following factors in soil formation (i)Time (ii) Rainfall (iii) parent material
b. Principles which should be followed in a good crop rotation plan |
c. Uses of forage crops

Question 1 Report

What is the primary purpose of a pasture in agriculture?

Practice a number of Pasture And Forage Crops past questions