Fisheries And Wildlife


Fisheries and Wildlife play a vital role in the agricultural sector, contributing to food security and economic development in many countries, including Nigeria. This comprehensive course material focuses on fish culture systems, fish harvesting and processing methods, as well as wildlife management.

Common types of fishes in West Africa include species like Tilapia and Catfish, which are popular choices for fish farming due to their adaptability to different aquatic environments. Understanding the characteristics and behavior of these fishes is essential for successful aquaculture practices.

There are various systems of fish farming in West Africa, including extensive systems such as inland and deep-sea fishing, semi-intensive systems found in dams, and intensive systems like fish ponds. Each system requires specific considerations in terms of establishment and management, such as pond fertilization, liming, and desilting to ensure optimal growth and productivity of the fish.

When it comes to intensive fish farming, factors such as water quality, stocking density, and feeding practices play a crucial role in the success of the operation. Proper pond management, including regular monitoring of water parameters and disease control, is vital for maintaining a healthy fish population.

Fish harvesting and processing methods involve techniques like the use of drag nets, hook and line, as well as curing, sun-drying, and smoking to preserve the fish. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each method is essential for ensuring the quality and safety of the fish products for consumption.

Wildlife management focuses on conservation, feeding, domestication, and harvesting of wild animals in their natural habitats. Common wildlife regulations aim to protect endangered species and maintain ecological balance within ecosystems. Understanding these regulations is crucial for sustainable wildlife practices.

As part of applying fishery regulations in Nigeria, it is important to adhere to licensing requirements, size limits, and seasonal restrictions to prevent overfishing and preserve fish populations for future generations. Similarly, wildlife regulations help in the protection of wildlife habitats and ensure ethical practices in hunting and game reserves.

By exploring the topics of fisheries and wildlife in-depth, students will gain a comprehensive understanding of the principles and practices driving sustainable aquaculture and wildlife management in Nigeria.


  1. Assess Advantages and Disadvantages of Different Fish Harvesting and Processing Methods
  2. Apply Common Wildlife Regulations
  3. Differentiate Between Various Systems of Fish Farming in West Africa
  4. Identify Common Types of Fishes in West Africa
  5. Give Reasons for the Establishment of Game Reserves
  6. Apply Various Methods of Fish Preservation
  7. Apply Various Methods of Catching Fish
  8. Apply Fishery Regulations in Nigeria
  9. Identify Animals Found in West African Game Reserves
  10. Determine Factors to be Considered in Intensive Fish Farming

Lesson Note

Fisheries and wildlife refer to the practices involved in the management, conservation, and sustainable use of fish populations and wildlife resources. This subject is of significant importance as it encompasses both economic and ecological aspects, imperative for maintaining biodiversity and food security.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Fisheries And Wildlife. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the different types of fish culture systems? A. Extensive systems B. Semi-intensive systems C. Intensive systems D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  2. Which of the following is not a common type of fish in West Africa? A. Tilapia B. Catfish C. Salmon D. Mackerel Answer: C. Salmon
  3. In fish farming, what factors should be considered in pond establishment and management? A. Pond fertilization B. Liming C. Desilting D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  4. What are the common methods of fish harvesting and processing? A. Use of drag nets B. Curing C. Sun-drying D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  5. Which of the following is a fishery regulation? A. Limiting fishing seasons B. Restricting mesh sizes of fishing nets C. Controlling fishing quotas D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  6. What are some common wildlife regulations in Nigeria? A. Restricting hunting seasons B. Prohibiting poaching C. Regulating trade of endangered species D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  7. Why is the establishment of game reserves important for wildlife management? A. To protect wildlife habitats B. To promote biodiversity C. To conserve endangered species D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  8. What are the advantages of semi-intensive fish farming systems? A. Higher production compared to extensive systems B. Better control over feeding compared to extensive systems C. Lower capital investment compared to intensive systems D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  9. Which of the following is an external feature of cattle? A. Comb B. Wattle C. Snout D. Dewlap Answer: D. Dewlap

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Fisheries And Wildlife from previous years

Question 1 Report


(a) ldentify specimens N, O, and P.

Specimen N;      Specimen O;         Specimen P;

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(b) State the relationship between specimens O and P.

(c) List five economic importance of specimen N in an aquatic ecosystem,

(d) Give three benefits of stocking both specimens O and P together in the same pond.

Question 1 Report

In ponds, fish is usually caught with the following except

Practice a number of Fisheries And Wildlife past questions