Nigeria In International Organizations


Foreign policy plays a critical role in shaping a country's relationships with other nations and its participation in international organizations. In the case of Nigeria, the largest country in Africa with a diverse and dynamic foreign policy framework, understanding its involvement in international organizations is essential to grasp its global footprint.

Nigeria's relations with major powers, developing countries, and its non-alignment policy form the cornerstone of its foreign policy strategy. The country strategically navigates its engagements with countries such as the United States, China, and European nations to advance its economic, political, and security interests on the global stage. Simultaneously, Nigeria plays a key role in fostering partnerships with developing nations to address common challenges and promote South-South cooperation.

Furthermore, Nigeria positions Africa as the "centre-piece" of its foreign policy, recognizing the continent's significance in shaping its diplomatic engagements. The country actively participates in regional bodies such as the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Organization of African Unity to promote peace, security, and development in Africa.

When considering Nigeria's involvement in international organizations, key entities such as the United Nations, the Commonwealth, and the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) play pivotal roles in shaping Nigeria's global interactions and policy decisions. These organizations serve as platforms for Nigeria to contribute to global governance, economic cooperation, and energy diplomacy.

Moreover, Nigeria's active participation in initiatives like the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) underscores its commitment to fostering sustainable development and good governance on the continent. By engaging in multilateral frameworks, Nigeria leverages its diplomatic clout to address regional challenges, promote peacebuilding efforts, and drive socio-economic progress.

In analyzing the dynamics of Nigeria's engagement in international organizations, it is evident that these platforms offer avenues for the country to amplify its voice, influence global agendas, and forge strategic alliances. Nigeria's contributions to these organizations not only advance its national interests but also underscore its role as a regional leader and advocate for African unity and prosperity.


  1. Analyse the Dynamics of Nigeria’s Involvement in International Organizations
  2. Assess Their Contribution to the Development of Nigeria

Lesson Note

Nigeria, as the most populous country in Africa and the largest economy on the continent, plays a significant role in various international organizations. This involvement has been instrumental in shaping its foreign policy, economic development, security strategies, and diplomatic relations. This lesson will delve into the dynamics of Nigeria’s involvement in international organizations and assess their contributions to the development of Nigeria.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Nigeria In International Organizations. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the primary objective of Nigeria's non-alignment policy in international relations? A. To align solely with Western powers B. To align solely with Eastern powers C. To maintain independence and not align with any power bloc D. To constantly shift alliances based on immediate interests Answer: C. To maintain independence and not align with any power bloc
  2. Which of the following organizations is Nigeria a founding member of? A. United Nations B. African Union C. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) D. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Answer: C. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
  3. What is the significance of Africa as the "centre piece" of Nigeria's foreign policy? A. To focus solely on European relations B. To prioritize relations with Asian countries C. To prioritize relations with African countries D. To prioritize relations with South American countries Answer: C. To prioritize relations with African countries
  4. In which international organization does Nigeria actively engage in promoting peace and security in Africa? A. The Organization of African Unity B. The United Nations C. The Commonwealth D. NEPAD Answer: B. The United Nations
  5. Which international organization focuses on fostering economic cooperation and integration among West African countries? A. NEPAD B. The African Union C. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) D. The Organization of African Unity Answer: C. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Nigeria In International Organizations from previous years

Question 1 Report

A country's foreign policy is foremost driven by

Question 1 Report

The ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID) has its headquarters in

Question 1 Report

In implementing her Afrocentric foreign policy, Nigeria has to

Practice a number of Nigeria In International Organizations past questions