Question 1 Report
Double fertilization in higher plants is significant because it ensures the
Double fertilization in higher plants is significant because it ensures the formation of a fertile embryo and the endosperm. Double fertilization is a process that occurs during the fertilization of angiosperms (flowering plants), where two sperm cells are involved in the fertilization of the ovule. One sperm fertilizes the egg cell, leading to the formation of the zygote, which develops into the embryo. The other sperm fuses with the two polar nuclei in the central cell of the female gametophyte, leading to the formation of the endosperm. The endosperm provides nutrients to the developing embryo and is an important part of the seed. Double fertilization ensures that both the embryo and the endosperm are fertile, which is important for the successful reproduction and survival of the plant species.