Question 1 Report
Which of the following scientists discovered the electrons?
Joseph J. Thomson discovered electrons. Joseph J. Thomson was a British physicist who conducted a series of experiments in the late 19th century to study the nature of electric discharge in gases. In 1897, he performed a famous experiment involving cathode rays, which are beams of electrons that travel from the negatively charged electrode (cathode) to the positively charged electrode (anode) in a vacuum tube. Thomson observed that cathode rays could be deflected by magnetic and electric fields, indicating that they were negatively charged particles. He proposed that these particles were a fundamental component of all atoms and called them "corpuscles," which later became known as electrons. Thomson's discovery of the electron revolutionized our understanding of atomic structure and led to the development of modern physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1906 for his work on the conduction of electricity in gases. Therefore, Joseph J. Thomson discovered electrons.