Question 1 Report
The hydrolysis of proteins by diluting mineral acids produces
The hydrolysis of proteins by diluting mineral acids breaks down proteins into their constituent building blocks, which are called amino acids. Proteins are large, complex molecules made up of long chains of amino acids that are linked together by peptide bonds. Hydrolysis is a process in which a molecule is broken down by the addition of a water molecule. In the case of proteins, hydrolysis occurs when the peptide bonds between the amino acids are broken by the addition of water. This process is catalyzed by dilute mineral acids, such as hydrochloric acid (HCl). The result of this reaction is the breakdown of proteins into individual amino acids, which are then available for use by the body to synthesize new proteins or to be used as a source of energy. Therefore, the correct answer is (C) amino acids. Sucrose, glucose, and fatty acids are not the products of protein hydrolysis. Sucrose is a disaccharide made up of glucose and fructose, while glucose is a simple sugar that is a component of many carbohydrates. Fatty acids are the building blocks of lipids, which are a different class of biomolecules.