‘Iman (Faith)


‘Iman (Faith) in Islamic Theology

Understanding ‘Iman (Faith) is fundamental in Islamic theology as it forms the core belief system for Muslims. ‘Iman encompasses a deep and unwavering faith in the Oneness of Allah and His teachings as revealed in the Quran and the Sunnah (traditions of the Prophet Muhammad).

Meaning and Significance of ‘Iman (Faith)

‘Iman represents the essence of a Muslim's belief, encapsulating conviction, sincerity, and trust in the unseen. It is not merely a verbal affirmation but a profound internal acceptance and adherence to the tenets of Islam. The significance of ‘Iman lies in guiding a believer's actions, thoughts, and character towards righteousness and submission to Allah.

Articles of Faith: Belief in Allah

Central to ‘Iman is the belief in Allah, the one and only God, who is the Creator and Sustainer of the universe. The KalimatushShahadah, the declaration of faith, encapsulates the belief in the oneness of Allah and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad (S.A.W.). This declaration serves as the foundation of Islamic faith, emphasizing the monotheistic nature of Islam.

His Angels, His Books, His Prophets

‘Iman also entails belief in Allah's angels, who carry out His commands and are instrumental in the cosmic order. Additionally, it includes faith in the divine books revealed by Allah, such as the Torah, Psalms, Gospel, and the Quran. Moreover, ‘Iman incorporates reverence for the prophets, with a special emphasis on the Ulu1-‘Azm (the five great prophets): Ibrahim, Nuh, Musa, ‘Isa, and Muhammad (peace be upon them).

The Day of Resurrection and Judgement

In Islamic theology, ‘Iman delves into the concept of the Day of Resurrection, a day when all individuals will be raised for judgment before Allah. This belief in the Hereafter serves as a moral compass, reminding believers of accountability and the consequences of their actions in this world. It underscores the ultimate justice and mercy of Allah in determining eternal destinies.

Eternal Life and Destiny

‘Iman encompasses the belief in eternal life, where individuals will either reside in paradise or endure punishment based on their deeds. This belief instills hope, fear, and humility in the hearts of believers, motivating them to strive for righteousness and seek forgiveness. Furthermore, ‘Iman distinguishes between Qada’ (divine decree) and Qadar (predestination), highlighting the balance between free will and Allah's foreknowledge in shaping human destinies.

In conclusion, ‘Iman (Faith) serves as the cornerstone of Islamic theology, emphasizing the holistic belief system that guides the lives of Muslims in both spiritual and practical dimensions. By delving into the core aspects of ‘Iman, believers deepen their understanding of Islamic doctrines and strengthen their bond with Allah.


  1. Examine the belief in Allah, His angels, His books, and His prophets
  2. Differentiate between Qada’ and Qadar in Islamic belief system
  3. Understand the meaning and significance of 'Iman (Faith)'
  4. Discuss the concept of the Day of Resurrection and Judgement in Islam
  5. Explore the idea of eternal life in Islamic theology
  6. Analyze the articles of faith with emphasis on KalimatushShahadah

Lesson Note

In Islam, 'Iman' is an Arabic term that translates to 'faith' or 'belief'. It is a fundamental concept that acts as the bedrock of a Muslim's life, encompassing belief in Allah (God), His angels, His books, His prophets, the Day of Judgment, and Qadar (Divine Decree). Understanding 'Iman' is crucial for any Muslim as it shapes their worldview, actions, and their relationship with the divine.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on ‘Iman (Faith). Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. The questions and their answers are as follows: Which term refers to faith in Islam? A. Salah B. Zakat C. Iman D. Sawm Answer: C. Iman
  2. Which article of faith emphasizes the belief in the oneness of Allah? A. Belief in angels B. Belief in prophets C. Belief in books D. KalimatushShahadah Answer: D. KalimatushShahadah
  3. Who are the Ulu1-‘Azm prophets in Islam? A. Ibrahim, Nuh, Adam, Yunus B. Musa, ‘Isa, Dawud, Sulaiman C. Adam, Eve, Idris, Isma'il D. Ibrahim, Nuh, Musa, 'Isa, Muhammad Answer: D. Ibrahim, Nuh, Musa, 'Isa, Muhammad
  4. What is the significance of the Day of Resurrection in Islam? A. It marks the end of the world B. It signifies the beginning of eternal life C. It is a day of celebration D. It has no specific importance Answer: B. It signifies the beginning of eternal life
  5. What is the concept of Qada' in Islamic belief? A. Divine destiny B. Free will C. Predestination D. Belief in angels Answer: C. Predestination

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about ‘Iman (Faith) from previous years

Question 1 Report

Describe how I;tikāf is observed with emphasis on acts that vitiate it

Question 1 Report

Al-Quddus is to the Holy as Al-Mutakabbir is to the

Practice a number of ‘Iman (Faith) past questions