Historiography And Historical Skills (Nigeria Only)


Welcome to the course material on Historiography and Historical Skills in the context of Nigeria from its earliest times to 1800. In this course, we will delve into the fundamental concepts of historiography, various approaches to writing history, critical evaluation of historical sources, developing skills in historical research, and understanding the significance of historical skills in uncovering the past.


Historiography is the study of the methods and principles used by historians to understand the past. It involves examining how historical knowledge is constructed, interpreted, and disseminated. By studying historiography, we gain insights into the different perspectives and biases that influence historical narratives. Understanding historiography provides a foundation for analyzing and interpreting historical events and developments.

Approaches to Writing History:

Historians employ various approaches to writing history, ranging from political history to social history, cultural history, economic history, and more. Each approach offers a unique lens through which to explore and analyze historical events. By examining different approaches to writing history, we can gain a comprehensive understanding of the complexities of the past and how they continue to shape the present.

Critical Evaluation of Historical Sources:

Historical sources form the building blocks of historical research. It is essential to critically evaluate the reliability, credibility, and biases of these sources to construct accurate and nuanced historical narratives. By honing the skills of source analysis, historians can uncover hidden truths, challenge existing interpretations, and contribute to a deeper understanding of historical events.

Developing Skills in Historical Research:

Conducting historical research requires a range of skills, including the ability to gather, analyze, and interpret diverse sources of information. By developing these skills, historians can piece together fragments of the past to create cohesive and insightful narratives. Historical research is a dynamic process that involves continuous exploration, investigation, and reinterpretation of historical data.

Importance of Historical Skills:

Historical skills play a crucial role in unraveling the complexities of the past and shedding light on historical truths. By mastering historical skills, researchers can navigate through the maze of historical information, identify patterns and connections, and articulate compelling narratives that resonate with contemporary audiences. These skills are essential for preserving and transmitting historical knowledge across generations.

Prospects of ICT in Historical Studies:

In the modern era, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has revolutionized historical research and scholarship. Digital archives, online databases, and historical software tools have made historical sources more accessible and searchable. Historians can now leverage ICT to analyze vast amounts of data, create interactive visualizations, and collaborate with colleagues worldwide. The integration of ICT in historical studies opens up new possibilities for innovative research methodologies and dissemination of historical knowledge.


  1. Critically evaluate historical sources
  2. Understand the importance of historical skills in uncovering the past
  3. Develop skills in conducting historical research
  4. Analyze different approaches to writing history
  5. Understand the concept of historiography

Lesson Note

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Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Historiography And Historical Skills (Nigeria Only). Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is historiography? A. The study of ancient coins B. The study of history writing and methodology C. The study of religious texts D. The study of geological formations Answer: B. The study of history writing and methodology
  2. What does the term "sources of History" refer to? A. Books written by historians B. Material remnants of the past C. Oral traditions passed down through generations D. Only primary sources such as official documents Answer: B. Material remnants of the past
  3. Which of the following is NOT considered a historical skill? A. Critical thinking B. Problem-solving C. Computer programming D. Analyzing sources Answer: C. Computer programming
  4. What is one of the objectives of studying historiography? A. Memorizing historical dates B. Learning how to critically evaluate historical sources C. Ignoring the perspectives of different historians D. Focusing only on one approach to writing history Answer: B. Learning how to critically evaluate historical sources

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Past Questions

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Question 1 Report

One critical factor that led to the Mfecane was the

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