Nigeria’s Foreign Policy


Nigeria’s foreign policy is a critical aspect of the country’s diplomatic relations with other nations, both regionally and globally. The major objectives of Nigeria’s foreign policy revolve around promoting national interest, fostering economic development, and enhancing international cooperation for mutual benefit. One of the key pillars of Nigeria’s foreign policy is its relations with developing countries, exemplified by initiatives such as the Technical Aid Corps (TAC).

Relations with developing countries play a vital role in Nigeria’s foreign policy agenda. The Technical Aid Corps (TAC) is a flagship program that showcases Nigeria’s commitment to providing technical assistance and expertise to fellow developing nations. Through TAC, Nigeria offers skilled professionals in various fields to support capacity building and socio-economic development in partner countries.

Furthermore, Nigeria’s foreign policy emphasizes maintaining cordial relations with major powers while also upholding its non-alignment policy. Balancing relations with major powers such as the United States, China, and European nations is crucial for leveraging diplomatic, economic, and security benefits. By engaging major powers, Nigeria can attract foreign investments, access technology transfer, and address global challenges collectively.

In addition to engaging major powers, Nigeria’s non-alignment policy underscores its commitment to independence, sovereignty, and strategic autonomy in international affairs. As a non-aligned nation, Nigeria seeks to navigate global politics without aligning with any power bloc, thus preserving its freedom to pursue policies that align with its national interests. This approach enables Nigeria to engage with diverse partners, mediate conflicts, and promote peace and stability regionally and internationally.

In conclusion, Nigeria’s foreign policy is a multifaceted framework that aims to advance the country’s interests on the global stage through strategic partnerships, economic cooperation, and diplomatic initiatives. By understanding the major objectives of Nigeria’s foreign policy and analyzing its non-aligned posture, one can appreciate the complexities and dynamics of Nigeria’s engagements with developing countries and major powers in the ever-evolving global landscape.


  1. Analyse Nigeria’s Non-Aligned Posture
  2. Identify The Major Objectives Of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy

Lesson Note

Nigeria's foreign policy since its independence from Britain in 1960 has been a vital aspect of its national strategy and global relations. The country has navigated various international waters, leveraging its position as Africa's most populous country and a key player on the continent. Let's delve into two major elements of Nigeria’s foreign policy: its non-aligned posture and its overarching objectives.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Nigeria’s Foreign Policy. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the main focus of Nigeria's foreign policy? A. Regional dominance B. Economic development and security C. Military expansion D. Isolationism Answer: B. Economic development and security
  2. What is the objective of Nigeria's Technical Aid Corps (TAC)? A. Expanding military presence B. Promoting democracy globally C. Providing technical assistance to developing countries D. Conquering new territories Answer: C. Providing technical assistance to developing countries
  3. Which of the following is a subtopic related to Nigeria's foreign policy? A. Relations with developed countries B. Relations with major powers C. Relations with space agencies D. Relations with historical empires Answer: B. Relations with major powers
  4. What is the significance of Nigeria's non-alignment policy? A. To align closely with a single superpower B. To remain neutral in conflicts C. To exclusively support developing countries D. To seek colonization of smaller nations Answer: B. To remain neutral in conflicts

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Nigeria’s Foreign Policy from previous years

Question 1 Report

Nigeria's foreign policy is guided by the principle of

Question 1 Report

Outline five major features of Nigeria's foreign policy since independence. 

Practice a number of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy past questions