Pasture And Forage Crops


Overview: In the realm of agricultural science, the study of pasture and forage crops holds immense significance for livestock farming practices. Pasture and forage crops play a pivotal role in providing essential nutrition for grazing animals, ultimately contributing to the overall productivity and well-being of livestock. This course material delves into the various aspects of pasture and forage crops, encompassing their characteristics, classification, uses, establishment, management practices, and factors influencing their distribution and productivity. Characteristics of Grasses and Legumes: Pasture and forage crops encompass a diverse array of grasses and legumes characterized by their botanical features and nutritional value. Students will explore the distinct characteristics of common grasses such as Bermuda grass and legumes like alfalfa, emphasizing the importance of understanding the attributes that make these plants valuable for grazing livestock. Recognizing the botanical names and morphological traits of these plants is fundamental in identifying suitable forage options for livestock sustenance. Classification and Uses: The course material elucidates the classification of pasture and forage crops based on their uses and morphology. Students will discern the categorization of crops into cereals, pulses, roots, tubers, vegetables, fruits, beverages, spices, oils, fibres, latex, and other categories. Understanding the diverse roles these crops play in meeting the nutritional needs of livestock is vital for effective farm management and animal health. Importance of Pasture and Forage Crops: The significance of pasture and forage crops in livestock farming cannot be overstated. These crops serve as a primary source of nutrients for grazing animals, containing essential vitamins, minerals, and proteins necessary for their growth and development. Moreover, the sustainable cultivation of forage crops aids in soil conservation, pasture improvement, and overall farm productivity, thereby fostering a harmonious relationship between agriculture and animal husbandry. Establishment and Management Practices: Students will delve into the intricacies of establishing and managing pasture for optimal productivity. Topics include soil preparation, seed selection, planting techniques, irrigation practices, fertilization, weed control, and grazing management. Understanding the key principles of pasture establishment and maintenance is crucial for ensuring a consistent and nutritious food supply for livestock throughout the year. Factors Affecting Distribution and Productivity: The course material sheds light on the various factors that influence the distribution and productivity of pasture and forage crops. Students will explore the impact of climatic conditions, soil fertility, topography, grazing pressure, pest and disease management, and land use practices on the overall performance of pasture lands. By comprehending these factors, farmers can implement targeted strategies to enhance the quality and quantity of forage available to their livestock. Types of Pasture: Students will learn about the different types of pastures, including natural grasslands, improved pastures, legume-grass mixtures, and dual-purpose pastures. Each type offers unique advantages in terms of nutritional content, regrowth potential, palatability, and seasonal availability. Understanding the characteristics and uses of various pasture types equips farmers with the knowledge to select the most suitable options based on their livestock's needs and ecological conditions. In conclusion, the study of pasture and forage crops is essential for aspiring agricultural enthusiasts seeking to optimize livestock nutrition, farm sustainability, and animal welfare. By immersing themselves in the diverse world of forage plants, students will cultivate a profound appreciation for the intricate interplay between vegetation, livestock, and agricultural ecosystems.


  1. Classify pasture and forage crops based on their uses and morphology
  2. Identify the characteristics of common grasses and legumes used for grazing livestock
  3. Recognize the types of pasture and their uses in livestock farming
  4. Describe the meaning and importance of pasture and forage crops
  5. Explain the factors affecting the distribution and productivity of pasture
  6. Discuss the establishment and management practices of pasture

Lesson Note

Agricultural science involves the study of various aspects of crop and livestock production, including the management of pastures and forage crops. Pastures and forage crops are critical components of livestock farming as they provide the primary source of feed for grazing animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats. Understanding the different types, characteristics, and management practices of these crops is essential for efficient and sustainable livestock production.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Pasture And Forage Crops. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the classifications of crops based on their uses? A. Cereals, Pulses, Fruits B. Pulses, Roots, Spices C. Cereals, Pulses, Roots and Tubers D. Vegetables, Fruits, Beverages Answer: C. Cereals, Pulses, Roots and Tubers
  2. Which of the following is a cereal crop? A. Yam B. Onion C. Maize D. Spinach Answer: C. Maize
  3. What is the meaning of pasture? A. Plantation of cash crops B. Open land used for grazing C. Forest reserve area D. Fish farming pond Answer: B. Open land used for grazing
  4. Which crop is classified as a root and tuber? A. Yam B. Maize C. Cotton D. Cocoa Answer: A. Yam
  5. What are the factors affecting the distribution and productivity of pasture? A. Soil type, color of fences B. Rainfall, market prices C. Land area, paint color D. Climate, soil fertility Answer: D. Climate, soil fertility
  6. Which of the following is a leguminous forage crop? A. Rice B. Cowpea C. Millet D. Cassava Answer: B. Cowpea
  7. What is the importance of forage crops? A. For beautification purposes B. For providing shade only C. For grazing livestock D. For ornamental uses Answer: C. For grazing livestock
  8. How can pasture be established? A. By planting only trees B. By broadcasting seed mixtures C. By painting the land D. By constructing buildings Answer: B. By broadcasting seed mixtures
  9. What are the management practices of pasture? A. Neglecting the land B. Fencing and regular mowing C. Overgrazing and burning D. Using the land for industrial purposes Answer: B. Fencing and regular mowing

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Pasture And Forage Crops from previous years

Question 1 Report

A suitable grass for lawns is 

Question 1 Report

Which of the following is an example of a pasture commonly used in agriculture?

Practice a number of Pasture And Forage Crops past questions