Practical Geography


Practical Geography Course Overview:

Welcome to the Practical Geography course where we delve into the intricate world of maps, interpretation of statistical data, elementary surveying, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Our journey begins with understanding the fundamental concept of maps. Maps are not merely drawings but powerful tools that represent our physical and human environment. They come in various types such as topographical maps, thematic maps, political maps, etc., each serving specific purposes in displaying geographical information.

One of the key skills you will acquire in this course is the ability to apply different types of scale to distances and area measurements on maps. Understanding scale is essential for accurately interpreting distances, map reductions, enlargements, gradients, and directions depicted on maps. Grasping how to manipulate scale effectively will enhance your map-reading skills and aid in understanding the spatial relationships between various geographical features.

Furthermore, we will explore the art of drawing cross profiles to illustrate the relief of an area. By creating visual representations of terrain through profile drawings, you will develop a deeper understanding of the landscape's topography and the distribution of physical and human features. This skill is invaluable in deciphering the characteristics of an area from topographical maps.

Another crucial aspect of this course is the interpretation of statistical data presented in diagrams and maps. You will learn how to extract quantitative information from statistical representations and analyze them to derive meaningful insights about geographical phenomena. This skill is vital for drawing accurate conclusions and making informed decisions based on data-driven evidence.

Additionally, we will venture into the realm of elementary surveying techniques, including chain and prismatic surveys, open and closed traverse procedures. You will delve into the principles and procedures of each technique, comparing their advantages and disadvantages. By mastering these surveying methods, you will be equipped to accurately measure and map land features, contributing to effective spatial analysis and planning.

Lastly, we will delve into the fascinating world of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), a powerful tool that revolutionizes data visualization and analysis. You will understand the components, techniques, and applications of GIS, including data capturing, analysis, and visualization using computer systems. By exploring the diverse uses of GIS in various fields such as defense, agriculture, and rural development, you will grasp the immense potential of this technology in addressing complex geographical challenges.

In conclusion, this Practical Geography course will equip you with essential skills in map reading, profile drawing, statistical data interpretation, surveying techniques, and GIS applications. By the end of this course, you will have a comprehensive understanding of how to effectively navigate and analyze geographical information, making you proficient in practical geography concepts and applications.


  1. Illustrate the Relief of an Area Through Profile Drawing
  2. Compute Quantitative Information from Statistical Data, Diagrams, and Maps
  3. Define and Identify Different Types and Uses of Maps
  4. Understand Geographic Information System (GIS) and Its Uses
  5. Analyse the Principle and Procedure of Elementary Surveying Techniques
  6. Apply the Different Types of Scale to Distances and Area Measurement

Lesson Note

Practical geography is a fascinating and essential aspect of the overall geographical discipline. It involves hands-on activities that bring geographic concepts to life and applies theoretical knowledge to real-world situations. Understanding practical geography helps in illustrating the relief of an area, computing quantitative information from various sources, defining and identifying maps, exploring Geographic Information System (GIS), analyzing surveying techniques, and applying different types of scales. Let's delve into these various components in detail.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Practical Geography. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the main purpose of map reading and interpretation? A. To determine the latitude and longitude of a location B. To recognize and describe physical and human features on maps C. To predict weather patterns accurately D. To study historical events related to a specific area Answer: B. To recognize and describe physical and human features on maps
  2. Which of the following is NOT a component of Geographic Information System (GIS)? A. Data capturing and analysis B. Remote sensing C. Map reduction and enlargement D. Land surveying Answer: C. Map reduction and enlargement
  3. When drawing cross profiles, what do they illustrate about an area? A. Population density B. Relief and elevation changes C. Economic activities D. Climate variations Answer: B. Relief and elevation changes
  4. What kind of information can be computed from statistical data, diagrams, and maps? A. Historical events B. Quantitative information C. Social media trends D. Fictional stories Answer: B. Quantitative information
  5. What is the main advantage of open traverse technique in surveying? A. It is better for long distances B. It is more accurate than closed traverse C. It requires fewer measurements D. It can be done single-handedly Answer: C. It requires fewer measurements
  6. Which of the following is NOT an area of use for Geographic Information System (GIS)? A. Defense B. Agriculture C. Rural development D. Fashion design Answer: D. Fashion design
  7. In map reading, what does the scale help to determine? A. Population density of an area B. Direction of prevailing winds C. Distances and area measurements D. Number of tourist attractions Answer: C. Distances and area measurements
  8. What is the primary aim of elementary surveying techniques? A. To forecast earthquakes B. To measure depths of oceans C. To determine land boundaries and elevations D. To predict volcanic eruptions Answer: C. To determine land boundaries and elevations
  9. What is the main function of GIS in relation to data analysis? A. To complicate data interpretation B. To simplify data visualization C. To obstruct data storage D. To delay data processing Answer: B. To simplify data visualization

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Practical Geography from previous years

Question 1 Report

The area shaded and marked Q is well known for its

Question 1 Report

The least important factor in the location of settlements is the availability of

Practice a number of Practical Geography past questions