Colonial Administration After The Amalgamation


After the amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria by the British colonial authorities in 1914, a new era of colonial administration emerged in the region. This period marked significant changes in how the territories were governed, with implications that shaped the course of Nigerian history leading up to independence in 1960.

Central Administration: The central administrative set-up post-amalgamation consisted of legislative and executive councils that played pivotal roles in decision-making processes. The legislative council was responsible for enacting laws and regulations, while the executive council oversaw the implementation of these policies.

Indirect Rule: One of the key innovations introduced during this period was the concept of indirect rule. This system aimed to govern the territories through existing indigenous structures and rulers, rather than direct British control. The reasons for the adoption of indirect rule included the British desire to reduce administrative costs and maintain local customs and traditions.

Working of Indirect Rule: Under indirect rule, British colonial officials worked closely with native authorities and chiefs who acted as intermediaries between the local population and the colonial government. This approach allowed for the continuation of traditional governance practices while ensuring British oversight and influence.

Effects of Indirect Rule: The impact of indirect rule was profound, leading to the consolidation of power among traditional leaders who aligned with British interests. While this system helped maintain stability and order in some regions, it also reinforced hierarchies that marginalized certain groups within Nigerian society.

Local Administrative Institutions: In addition to native authorities and chiefs, local administrative institutions such as native courts and native treasuries played vital roles in governance at the grassroots level. These institutions handled legal matters, taxation, and revenue collection, contributing to the overall functioning of the colonial administration.

Resistance to Colonial Rule: Despite the implementation of indirect rule, various anti-colonial movements emerged in different parts of Nigeria. The Ekumeku Movement in the Asaba Hinterland, the Satiru Uprising, the Egba Anti-Tax Agitation, and the Aba Women's Movement were notable instances of resistance against British colonial authority. These movements reflected the dissatisfaction of local communities with aspects of colonial governance, taxation policies, and social injustices.

In conclusion, the period of colonial administration after the amalgamation of Nigeria had a profound impact on the socio-political landscape of the region. Understanding the composition of the central administrative set-up, the workings of indirect rule, the roles of local administrative institutions, and the significance of anti-colonial movements is essential to grasp the complexities of Nigeria's journey towards independence.


  1. Relate the Composition of the Central Administrative Set-Up to its Consequences
  2. Identify the Reasons for the Introduction and Workings of the Indirect Rule System
  3. Account for the Anti-Colonial Movements and their Significance
  4. Assess the Effects of Indirect Rule
  5. Examine the Local Administrative Units

Lesson Note

The amalgamation of Northern and Southern Nigeria in 1914 marked a significant turning point in the history of colonial administration in Nigeria. This process, championed by Lord Frederick Lugard, united two distinct entities with diverse cultures, governance systems, and administrative challenges into a single colony under British rule.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Colonial Administration After The Amalgamation. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. After the Amalgamation, the Colonial Administration system in Nigeria underwent significant changes and developments. Let's create some multiple-choice questions for this topic: Question: What was the primary reason for the introduction of the indirect rule system in Nigeria after the Amalgamation? A. To establish a direct British rule over the whole country B. To reduce the cost of administration in the colonies C. To preserve indigenous authorities and institutions D. To expand the territory of the British Empire Answer: C. To preserve indigenous authorities and institutions
  2. Question: Which of the following was NOT a central administrative feature introduced after the Amalgamation in Nigeria? A. Legislative Council B. Executive Council C. Provincial Assemblies D. Native Courts Answer: C. Provincial Assemblies
  3. Question: What was the role of the Native Authorities in the colonial administration system after the Amalgamation? A. They served as the head of the British administration in the regions B. They acted as intermediaries between the colonial rulers and the local populations C. They were responsible for implementing British laws without any modifications D. They had no real power and were figureheads in the administrative structure Answer: B. They acted as intermediaries between the colonial rulers and the local populations
  4. Question: Which of the following movements was associated with resistance to colonial rule in Nigeria after the Amalgamation? A. Kiriji War B. Battle of Omdurman C. Anglo-Aro War D. Aba Women's Riots Answer: D. Aba Women's Riots

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Colonial Administration After The Amalgamation from previous years

Question 1 Report

Which of these is not an achievement under the colonial rule?

Practice a number of Colonial Administration After The Amalgamation past questions