HIV/AIDS Overview

Understanding the prevalent issue of HIV/AIDS is crucial in today's society. HIV, which stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a virus that attacks the body's immune system, specifically the CD4 cells (T cells), weakening the individual's ability to fight infections and diseases. AIDS, on the other hand, which stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of HIV infection, characterized by severe damage to the immune system.

Meaning and Causes of HIV/AIDS:

HIV is primarily transmitted through contact with certain body fluids, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, from a person who has HIV. Unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding are common modes of transmission. Understanding the causes of HIV/AIDS helps in effective prevention strategies.

Symptoms and Effects of HIV/AIDS:

Identifying the symptoms of HIV/AIDS is essential for early detection and intervention. Common symptoms include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches, and more. If left untreated, HIV can lead to the development of AIDS, where the immune system is severely compromised, making the individual vulnerable to opportunistic infections and certain cancers.

Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS:

Preventing HIV transmission involves practicing safe sex, using clean needles, and getting tested regularly. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the primary treatment for HIV, helping individuals with the virus to live longer and healthier lives. Adherence to medication and regular medical check-ups are crucial in managing the condition.

Stigmatization of People Living with HIV/AIDS:

Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS remain significant barriers to prevention, testing, and treatment efforts. People with HIV/AIDS often face social rejection, prejudice, and isolation due to misconceptions about the virus. Eliminating stigma involves education, advocacy, and promoting empathy and understanding.

Through comprehensive education and awareness, individuals can contribute to the prevention, management, and support of those affected by HIV/AIDS. It is imperative to address the social, cultural, and economic factors that contribute to the spread and impact of the virus, fostering a more inclusive and supportive society for all.


  1. Identify the symptoms and effects of HIV/AIDS
  2. Understand the meaning and causes of HIV/AIDS
  3. Learn about the prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS
  4. Explore the stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS

Lesson Note

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body's immune system. If HIV is not treated, it can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Unlike some other viruses, the human body cannot get rid of HIV completely, so once someone has HIV, they have it for life.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on HIV/AIDS. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the full meaning of HIV? A. Human Inhibited Virus B. Human Immunodeficiency Virus C. Human Infectious Virus D. Human Invasive Virus Answer: B. Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  2. Which of the following is a common route of HIV transmission in adults? A. Vaccination B. Mosquito bites C. Sharing needles with an infected person D. Hugging Answer: C. Sharing needles with an infected person
  3. What are the common symptoms of HIV/AIDS? A. Sudden growth spurt B. Persistent dry cough C. Heightened sense of taste D. Increased energy levels Answer: B. Persistent dry cough
  4. What is one of the effects of HIV/AIDS? A. Strong immune system B. Weight gain C. Opportunistic infections D. Improved overall health Answer: C. Opportunistic infections
  5. Which of the following is a method for preventing the spread of HIV? A. Sharing needles B. Engaging in unprotected sex with multiple partners C. Regular testing and knowing your status D. Avoiding hand washing Answer: C. Regular testing and knowing your status

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about HIV/AIDS from previous years

Question 1 Report

People living with HIVIAIDS (PLWHA) are stigmatized by

Practice a number of HIV/AIDS past questions