Land And Its Uses


Agricultural Ecology is a fundamental concept that plays a crucial role in understanding the relationship between agriculture and the environment. It involves the study of the interactions between living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, and their surrounding environment within agricultural systems.

In the context of the farm ecosystem, which is a subset of agricultural ecology, it is imperative to identify and comprehend the various components that make up this complex system. These components can be broadly classified into biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors. The biotic components include plants, animals, insects, fungi, and bacteria, all of which contribute to the dynamic equilibrium of the ecosystem. On the other hand, the abiotic components encompass physical factors such as soil, water, air, sunlight, temperature, and nutrients, which are equally essential for the sustainability of agricultural systems.

Furthermore, the interactions among these components in both terrestrial and aquatic agro-ecosystems are intricate and interconnected. For instance, in a terrestrial agro-ecosystem, plants interact with soil microorganisms to obtain nutrients for growth, while animals graze on these plants, forming a delicate food chain. Similarly, in an aquatic agro-ecosystem, fish rely on aquatic plants for shelter and food, showcasing the interdependence of organisms within the ecosystem.

Land, as a vital resource in agriculture, serves as the foundation for various agricultural activities. It is characterized as a free gift of nature, immobile, and limited in supply, emphasizing the importance of sustainable land management practices. The uses of land in agriculture are diverse and encompass activities such as crop production, livestock rearing, and wildlife conservation. However, the allocation of land for non-agricultural purposes like housing, industries, and infrastructure poses challenges in land availability for agricultural use.

Therefore, understanding the concept of land and its uses, as well as the factors affecting land availability for agricultural purposes, is essential for sustainable agricultural practices and environmental conservation. By delving into agricultural ecology and exploring the dynamics of farm ecosystems, agricultural practitioners can make informed decisions to strike a balance between agricultural production and ecosystem preservation.


  1. Analyze the factors affecting land availability for agricultural use
  2. Explore the various uses of land for agricultural purposes
  3. Understand the meaning of agricultural ecology
  4. Explain the interactions of the components in terrestrial and aquatic agro-ecosystems
  5. Identify the components of a farm ecosystem
  6. Define the concept of land and its characteristics

Lesson Note

Land is one of the most critical resources for agriculture and plays a pivotal role in the sustainability of ecosystems. Understanding the various uses and factors affecting land availability helps to manage this valuable resource efficiently.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Land And Its Uses. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the meaning of agricultural ecology? A. Study of soil composition B. Study of interactions between organisms and their environment in agricultural settings C. Study of weather patterns in agriculture D. Study of satellite imagery in farming Answer: B. Study of interactions between organisms and their environment in agricultural settings
  2. What are the components of a farm ecosystem? A. Plants only B. Animals only C. Biotic and abiotic factors D. Rocks and minerals Answer: C. Biotic and abiotic factors
  3. In agricultural ecosystems, what do biotic components refer to? A. Non-living factors B. Living organisms C. Soil types D. Types of irrigation systems Answer: B. Living organisms
  4. What do abiotic components in farm ecosystems include? A. Soil, water, air B. Crops, livestock C. Insects, pests D. Fertilizers, pesticides Answer: A. Soil, water, air
  5. How do components interact in terrestrial agro-ecosystems? A. Plants consume minerals from soil B. Animals feed on plants C. Birds pollinate crops D. Insects avoid plants Answer: B. Animals feed on plants
  6. Explain the interactions in aquatic agro-ecosystems. A. Fish feed on insects B. Plants grow in water C. Birds nest near water bodies D. Aquatic plants provide habitat for fish Answer: D. Aquatic plants provide habitat for fish
  7. What is land in the context of agriculture? A. Unlimited resource B. Mobile asset C. Free gift of nature D. Renewable material Answer: C. Free gift of nature
  8. What are some characteristics of land relevant to agriculture? A. Unlimited in supply B. Easily transported C. Immobile D. Constantly changing Answer: C. Immobile
  9. What factors can affect land availability for agricultural purposes? A. Weather conditions B. Government policies C. Crop prices D. Land degradation Answer: D. Land degradation

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Land And Its Uses from previous years

Question 1 Report

The best control ensure for rinderpest disease in cattle is

Question 1 Report

(a)   (i)          Explain the term/arm credit. 
       (ii)          List five sources of farm credit. 

(b) An outbreak of a strange poultry disease is reported in your community. 
There is a possibility of the disease spreading to other parts of the country. 
        (i)  Mention the three main extension teaching methods that could be used to create awareness among farmers about the disease.  [3 marks] 
        (ii) Which of the main extension teaching methods is most appropriate for creating awareness about the disease outbreak?  [1 mark] 
         (iii) Give two reasons for your choice of extension teaching method in 9(b Xii). [2 marks] 
         (iv) Mention three problems that could be encountered in the use of the selected extension teaching method. (3 marks)

Practice a number of Land And Its Uses past questions