Regional Geography Of Africa


In studying the regional geography of Africa, it is crucial to delve into the diverse aspects that make this continent unique. Africa is a continent rich in resources, both natural and human, and understanding its geographical characteristics is fundamental to appreciating its significance on the global stage.

Political Divisions and Associated Islands: Africa is a continent with a multitude of diverse nations, each with its own distinct cultural, political, and economic landscape. The political divisions in Africa have shaped the continent's history and continue to play a significant role in its development.

Physical Features and Economic Importance: The physical features of Africa, including its relief, drainage patterns, climate, and vegetation, have a profound impact on its economic activities. From the fertile Nile Basin supporting irrigation agriculture to the mineral-rich regions like South Africa's gold mines, Africa's physical attributes are closely tied to its economic prosperity.

Distribution of Minerals: Africa is blessed with abundant mineral resources, from the copper mines of Zambia to the oil-rich reserves of Nigeria and Libya. Understanding the distribution of minerals across the continent is essential for analyzing Africa's economic potentials and challenges.

Irrigation and Plantation Agriculture: The Nile Basin and the Niger Basin are prime examples of regions where irrigation agriculture plays a critical role in food production. Similarly, plantation agriculture in West and East Africa contributes significantly to the continent's agricultural output and export earnings.

Oil Production and Mining: The oil production industries in Nigeria, Ghana, and Libya are key players in the global energy market and have a substantial impact on these countries' economies. Furthermore, gold mining in South Africa and copper mining in Zambia and Zaire are crucial sectors that drive economic growth in these regions.

Population Distribution and ECOWAS: Examining the population distribution in West Africa sheds light on the demographic trends and challenges facing this region. Additionally, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) plays a vital role in promoting regional cooperation and development among its member countries.

Lumbering and Tourism: Equatorial Africa, particularly countries like Cote d’Ivoire and Zaire, have a significant lumbering industry, which contributes to their economies and poses environmental concerns. Tourism is also a growing sector across Africa, attracting visitors to explore its diverse landscapes, cultures, and historical sites.

Understanding the various aspects of regional geography in Africa is essential for appreciating the continent's dynamic nature and its role in the global economy. By delving into these topics, students can gain a deeper insight into the complexities and opportunities that Africa presents.


  1. Analyze the political divisions and associated islands in Africa
  2. Analyze the impact of oil production in Nigeria, Ghana, and Libya
  3. Evaluate the practice of lumbering in Equatorial Africa with specific reference to Cote d'Ivoire and Zaire
  4. Evaluate the physical features of Africa and their economic importance
  5. Assess the objectives, purposes, advantages, disadvantages, and solutions of ECOWAS
  6. Understand the geographical characteristics of Africa
  7. Explore the role of plantation agriculture in West and East Africa
  8. Assess the significance of irrigation agriculture in the Nile Basin and the Niger Basin
  9. Examine the gold mining industry in South Africa
  10. Evaluate the population distribution in West Africa
  11. Analyze the copper mining activities in Zambia and Zaire
  12. Examine the distribution of minerals in Africa

Lesson Note

Not Available

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Regional Geography Of Africa. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the major economic activities in Sierra Leone? A. Agriculture B. Fishing C. Lumbering D. Mining Answer: A, B, C, D
  2. Which country is renowned for its oil production in Africa? A. Nigeria B. South Africa C. Ethiopia D. Somalia Answer: A
  3. Where is lumbering a significant economic activity in Africa? A. Cote d'Ivoire B. Madagascar C. Egypt D. Sudan Answer: A
  4. Which region in Africa is well-known for copper mining activities? A. Equatorial Africa B. Southern Africa C. North Africa D. Western Africa Answer: B
  5. What is the primary industry sector in Ghana? A. Fishing B. Mining C. Agriculture D. Tourism Answer: B
  6. Which African country hosts the headquarters of ECOWAS? A. Senegal B. Nigeria C. Kenya D. Morocco Answer: B
  7. What is the main focus of plantation agriculture in East Africa? A. Coffee B. Cocoa C. Tea D. Cotton Answer: A, C
  8. Which African country is a major player in gold mining? A. Egypt B. South Africa C. Ethiopia D. Ghana Answer: B
  9. Which industry is significant in Nigeria's economy? A. Tourism B. Fishing C. Agriculture D. Oil production Answer: D
  10. What is a primary economic activity in Liberia? A. Fishing B. Manufacturing C. Mining D. Tourism Answer: A, C

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Regional Geography Of Africa from previous years

Question 1 Report

(a) Draw a sketch map of Africa. On the map show and name;
(i) two oil producing areas;
(ii) one town in each of the areas in (a)(i) above.

(b) Highlight any three contributions of oil to the economic development of one of the areas shown in (a)(i) above.

(c) Describe any three problems affecting the mining of petroleum in one of the areas shown in (a)(i) above. 

Question 1 Report

The world's greatest gold producer is

Practice a number of Regional Geography Of Africa past questions