Humans And Environment


Humans and the environment have a complex and interconnected relationship that significantly influences the ecosystem. One of the key aspects of this relationship is the impact of human activities on the environment. Human activities such as industrial processes, transportation, agriculture, and waste disposal contribute to pollution in various forms, including air, water, and soil pollution.

Pollution poses a serious threat to human health and the environment. It can lead to respiratory diseases, waterborne illnesses, soil degradation, and biodiversity loss. Understanding the types and sources of pollution is crucial in addressing these environmental challenges. By identifying pollutants and their effects, we can implement effective control measures to mitigate pollution's negative impacts.

Sanitation and personal hygiene play a vital role in disease prevention. Proper sanitation practices, including solid waste management and sewage disposal, are essential for maintaining public health and preventing the spread of communicable diseases. International and national health agencies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations International Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF), play pivotal roles in promoting public health and sanitation initiatives.

Conservation of natural resources is paramount for sustainable environmental management. By conserving both renewable and non-renewable resources, we can protect the environment for present and future generations. Organizations like the Nigerian Conservation Foundation (NCF) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) are actively involved in conservation efforts to preserve biodiversity and natural habitats.

Furthermore, the establishment of game reserves and national parks in Nigeria enhances biodiversity conservation and promotes ecotourism. These protected areas provide habitats for diverse plant and animal species, contributing to the country's ecological balance and cultural heritage.

Understanding the intricate relationship between human activities and the environment, identifying pollution sources, promoting sanitation practices, conserving natural resources, and safeguarding protected areas are essential components in promoting environmental sustainability and public health.

Key Concepts Covered:


  1. Discuss the benefits of conserving natural resources for future generations
  2. Examine the principles of conservation of natural resources
  3. Identify the various types and sources of pollution
  4. Identify the key national and international organizations involved in conservation efforts
  5. Explain the effects of pollution on human health and the environment
  6. Analyze the methods used to control and mitigate pollution
  7. Understand the significance and location of game reserves and national parks in Nigeria
  8. Discuss the importance of sanitation and personal hygiene in disease prevention
  9. Evaluate the role of international and national health agencies in public health
  10. Understand the relationship between human activities and the environment

Lesson Note

Humans have a profound impact on the environment. Our activities affect the air we breathe, the water we drink, and the land we live on. Understanding the relationship between humans and the environment is essential for ensuring a sustainable future. In this article, we will explore various aspects of this relationship, including conservation, pollution, health, and sanitation.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Humans And Environment. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What diseases are commonly linked to poor sanitation and hygiene practices in a community? A. Malaria B. Cholera C. Tuberculosis D. All of the above Answer: D. All of the above
  2. Which of the following is not a common method of controlling pollution? A. Recycling B. Incineration C. Afforestation D. Infectious disease spread Answer: D. Infectious disease spread
  3. What is the role of vectors in spreading endemic diseases? A. Vectors help in the biological control of pathogens B. Vectors carry and transmit pathogens from one host to another C. Vectors reduce the virulence of pathogens D. Vectors do not play a role in disease transmission Answer: B. Vectors carry and transmit pathogens from one host to another
  4. Which of the following is an example of a sexually transmitted disease? A. Malaria B. Typhoid fever C. Gonorrhea D. Tuberculosis Answer: C. Gonorrhea

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Humans And Environment from previous years

Question 1 Report

Which of these is NOT a pollutant?

Question 1 Report

Which of the following organs is primarily responsible for excretion in humans?

Question 1 Report

The burning of farmlands ahould be discouraged because?

Practice a number of Humans And Environment past questions