Question 1 Report
In which of the following is a stationary wave produced? i. A vibrating turning fork held near the end of a resonance tube closed at one end. ii. A string tightly stretched between two points and plucked at its middle. iii. The tuning fork vibrating in air
A stationary wave is a type of wave that appears to be standing still, even though it is made up of two waves traveling in opposite directions. Option i describes a resonance tube closed at one end and a vibrating tuning fork held near the end. In this situation, the sound wave produced by the tuning fork travels down the resonance tube and reflects off the closed end, creating a stationary wave. Option ii describes a string that is tightly stretched between two points and plucked at its middle. In this situation, the string vibrates back and forth, creating a wave that travels along the string and reflects back when it reaches the ends, creating a stationary wave. Option iii describes a tuning fork vibrating in air, which produces a sound wave that travels through the air as a longitudinal wave. This wave does not create a stationary wave since it does not reflect back and interfere with itself. Therefore, the correct answer is option i and ii only.