What is the term used to describe the deliberate modification of an organism's genetic material using biotechnology techniques?
The term used to describe the deliberate modification of an organism's genetic material using biotechnology techniques is genetic engineering.
Genetic engineering involves making changes to an organism's DNA in order to add or remove specific traits or characteristics. This process is achieved by inserting specific genes from one organism into the DNA of another organism.
These inserted genes can come from the same species or even from different species altogether. The goal is to introduce new or desired traits into the recipient organism.
Genetic engineering has a wide range of applications. It can be used in agriculture to create crops that are more resistant to diseases and pests, or that have improved nutritional content. It can also be used in medicine to produce beneficial proteins or to develop new treatments for genetic diseases.
Overall, genetic engineering allows scientists to modify the genetic makeup of organisms in a precise and controlled manner, giving them the ability to manipulate traits and characteristics for various purposes.