Plant Forms And Functions


Agricultural Science, specifically the discipline of Agronomy, delves into the intricate world of plant forms and functions, a fundamental aspect of understanding crop production. In this course material on Plant Forms And Functions, we will explore the essential knowledge required to identify crop plant parts and their functions, as well as differentiate between monocot and dicot crop plants.

At the core of this topic lies the objective of enabling students to differentiate the various storage organs of crop plants. The storage organs of plants play a vital role in storing energy reserves and essential nutrients needed for growth and development. By comprehensively understanding these storage organs, students will be better equipped to optimize crop production and improve agricultural practices.

One key aspect we will cover is the anatomy and morphology of the storage organs of common crop plants. This includes examining the different parts of monocot and dicot crop plants and elucidating their functions. Monocot plants, such as corn and rice, exhibit a single cotyledon in their seeds, while dicots, like beans and sunflowers, possess two cotyledons. Understanding these distinctions is crucial for tailored agricultural practices and maximizing crop yields.

Moreover, we will delve into the factors affecting rock weathering and soil formation, which directly impact plant growth. Physical and chemical properties of soil, including soil water content, play a pivotal role in determining plant health and productivity. Students will gain insights into soil conservation, irrigation, drainage methods, as well as the roles of macro and micro-nutrients in plant nutrition.

Additionally, we will explore the living population of the soil, encompassing the vital roles of flora and fauna in maintaining soil fertility. Nutrient deficiency symptoms will be elucidated to help students identify and address potential plant health issues. Principles and practices of land preparation, soil tillage, and the factors influencing tillage methods selection will also be covered in-depth.

By the end of this course material, students will possess a holistic understanding of plant forms and functions, from the microscopic structures within storage organs to the overarching agricultural practices that influence crop production. This knowledge will empower them to make informed decisions in agricultural settings, driving sustainable and efficient farming practices.


  1. Distinguish Between Monocot And Dicot Crop Plants
  2. Differentiate The Various Storage Organs Of Crop Plants
  3. Identify Crop Plant Parts And Their Functions

Lesson Note

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Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Plant Forms And Functions. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. Identify the storage organ responsible for the storage of excess food materials in plants. A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Seed Answer: D. Seed
  2. Which of the following plant parts is responsible for absorbing water and nutrients from the soil? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: A. Root
  3. In which plant part does photosynthesis primarily occur? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: C. Leaf
  4. Which plant part provides support to the plant and transports water and nutrients between the roots and leaves? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: B. Stem
  5. What is the primary function of the flower in a plant? A. Photosynthesis B. Reproduction C. Absorption D. Support Answer: B. Reproduction
  6. Which plant part is responsible for producing seeds? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: D. Flower
  7. What is the function of the root system of a plant? A. Photosynthesis B. Reproduction C. Absorption D. Support Answer: C. Absorption
  8. Which plant part is primarily involved in anchoring the plant in the soil? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: A. Root
  9. Which plant part is responsible for the regulation of gas exchange during respiration? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: C. Leaf
  10. Which plant part is responsible for producing branches and leaves in a plant? A. Root B. Stem C. Leaf D. Flower Answer: B. Stem

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Plant Forms And Functions from previous years

Question 1 Report

_______ refers to the appearance of a seedling above soil level.

Question 1 Report


(a) State the main food nutrient obtainable from specimen Q (BONE MEAL) and two main food nutrients obtainable from Specimen S(CATFISH)

(b) State three functions of each of the two main nutrients obtainable from specimen S mentioned in (a).

(c) Name three farm animals from which specimen Q could be obtained.

(d) Give three disadvantages of using the ingredients prepared from specimen P (BLOOD MEAL) in compounding livestock feed

Practice a number of Plant Forms And Functions past questions