Population is a fundamental concept in economics that plays a crucial role in shaping a country's economic landscape. Understanding the dynamics of population size, growth, and distribution is essential for policymakers to formulate effective strategies for sustainable development and economic growth. In this course material, we will delve into various aspects of population economics, analyzing key theories, examining the relevance to Nigeria's context, and evaluating government policies.

Population Theories: One of the core objectives of this course is to analyze the features of population theories that seek to explain trends in population growth and structure. From Malthusian theory to demographic transition theory, these frameworks offer critical insights into how populations evolve over time. Through in-depth analysis, students will gain a profound understanding of the factors influencing population dynamics.

Relevance to Nigeria: The application of population theories to Nigeria's context is a crucial component of this course. By examining how these theories align with the demographic realities of Nigeria, students will be able to appreciate the nuanced challenges and opportunities presented by the country's population dynamics. This analysis will enable a more targeted and effective approach to economic development planning.

Uses and Limitations of Census Data: Census data serves as a vital source of information for policymakers, enabling them to make informed decisions based on accurate population statistics. However, it is important to acknowledge the limitations and constraints inherent in census data collection and analysis. By critically evaluating the uses and limitations of census data, students will develop a nuanced understanding of its role in shaping economic policies.

Determinants of Population Size and Growth: Identifying the key determinants of population size, composition, and growth is essential for predicting future trends and planning interventions. Factors such as birth rates, death rates, migration patterns, and fertility rates all play a significant role in shaping a country's population dynamics. Through comprehensive analysis, students will uncover the complex interactions that influence population trends.

Structure and Distribution of Population: Understanding the structure and distribution of population across regions is vital for resource allocation, infrastructure planning, and social development initiatives. By examining how populations are distributed geographically and demographically, students will gain insights into the disparities and challenges that exist within societies.

Government Population Policy in Nigeria: A critical aspect of this course is the appraisal of government population policies in Nigeria. By evaluating the effectiveness of past and current policies, students will be able to assess their impact on population dynamics, economic growth, and social welfare. This analysis will pave the way for informed recommendations for future policy formulations.


  1. Examine The Uses and Limitations of Census Data
  2. Analyse The Structure and Distribution of Population
  3. Examine The Relevance of Theories to Nigeria
  4. Appraise Government Population Policy in Nigeria
  5. Analyse The Features of Some Population Theories
  6. Identify Determinants of Size, Composition, and Growth of Population

Lesson Note

Population studies involve analyzing the number, distribution, and characteristics of people living in a given area. Understanding the dynamics of population is crucial for government planning, economic development, and social services provision. This article explores various aspects of population studies, including the uses and limitations of census data, the structure and distribution of population, the relevance of population theories to Nigeria, and various determinants of population size, composition, and growth.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Population. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the significance of Census in Economics? A. To determine average income levels B. To assess the level of economic development C. To gather demographic data for policymaking D. To calculate inflation rates Answer: C. To gather demographic data for policymaking
  2. What is the term for a population that exceeds the carrying capacity of its environment? A. Overpopulation B. Underpopulation C. Optimum population D. None of the above Answer: A. Overpopulation
  3. Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with overpopulation? A. Pressure on infrastructure B. Unemployment C. Strain on available resources D. Decrease in competition for jobs Answer: D. Decrease in competition for jobs
  4. What characteristic defines underpopulation? A. Scarce resources per capita B. Increased competition for resources C. Slow economic growth D. High crime rates Answer: A. Scarce resources per capita
  5. What is the term for an ideal population level that maximizes economic output per capita? A. Overpopulation B. Underpopulation C. Optimum population D. Excess population Answer: C. Optimum population

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Population from previous years

Question 1 Report

Increasing national income without effective control of population size in a country can lead to

Question 1 Report

The growth of a country’s population is affected by

Question 1 Report

From the table, how many people scored above 6?

Practice a number of Population past questions