Welcome to the course material overview on Intervals, a fundamental topic in the study of Music theory. Intervals play a crucial role in understanding the distance and relationship between musical notes, both in melody and harmony. By the end of this course, candidates will gain the ability to identify, recognize, and differentiate various qualities of intervals, whether in a melodic or harmonic context.

Intervals are classified based on their distance in pitch between two notes. The most basic interval is the Unison, where two notes have the same pitch. Moving up the scale, we encounter the Major and Minor 2nd, Major and Minor 3rd, Perfect 4th and 5th, Major and Minor 6th, and Major and Minor 7th. Additionally, there are also the Diminished 5th and Augmented 4th, each with its unique sound and characteristics.

One essential aspect of intervals is their quality, which can be influenced by elements like accidentals, key signatures, and scales. Candidates will learn to identify the difference between Consonant and Dissonant Intervals, understanding how each contributes to the overall musical structure and emotion of a piece.

Throughout this course, students will delve into the Recognition of Diatonic and Chromatic Intervals, exploring the nuances between intervals that belong to the musical scale and those that involve alterations. This knowledge provides a deeper insight into the complexities of harmonies and melodies within compositions.

Furthermore, the course will cover topics like Keyboard Setting and Enharmonic Equivalents, equipping candidates with the tools to navigate the keyboard efficiently and understand the relationships between enharmonically equivalent notes. The significance of Accidentals in altering the pitch of notes will also be discussed, shedding light on their role in shaping intervals.

By the end of this course, students will have the proficiency to Determine the Key of a Piece of Music, whether it contains key signatures or not, with a limit of two sharps or flats. This skill is vital in analyzing and interpreting musical compositions with accuracy and precision.

In conclusion, mastering the concept of intervals is paramount for any aspiring musician or music scholar. This course material provides a comprehensive understanding of intervals, empowering candidates to dissect and appreciate the intricate relationships between notes in the realm of music theory.


  1. Recognize Inversions Of Intervals
  2. Apply Knowledge Of Intervals In Melodic And Harmonic Analysis
  3. Identify Consonant And Dissonant Intervals
  4. Understand Recognition Of Diatonic And Chromatic Intervals
  5. Candidates Should Be Able To Determine Different Qualities Of Intervals (Melodic And Harmonic)

Lesson Note

In music theory, an interval is the difference in pitch between two sounds. Intervals are an essential component of melody and harmony and play a crucial role in the structure of music. This guide will delve into the concept of intervals, their inversions, how they are used in melodic and harmonic analysis, and how to recognize various types of intervals.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Intervals. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. Identify the interval below: G to C is a(n) ______. A. Major 3rd B. Perfect 4th C. Augmented 4th D. Diminished 5th Answer: B. Perfect 4th
  2. Which interval is the inversion of a major 6th? A. Minor 3rd B. Minor 6th C. Major 3rd D. Major 6th Answer: A. Minor 3rd
  3. What is the quality of the interval between E and B? A. Augmented 4th B. Diminished 5th C. Perfect 5th D. Major 6th Answer: C. Perfect 5th
  4. If you invert a perfect 5th, what interval do you get? A. Perfect 5th B. Perfect 4th C. Major 3rd D. Minor 6th Answer: B. Perfect 4th
  5. What is the interval between D# and G? A. Diminished 5th B. Minor 3rd C. Augmented 4th D. Major 3rd Answer: C. Augmented 4th
  6. In the key of G major, what is the interval relationship between B and E? A. Major 3rd B. Perfect 5th C. Major 6th D. Minor 7th Answer: A. Major 3rd
  7. Identify the interval between F and A#. A. Minor 3rd B. Major 3rd C. Augmented 3rd D. Diminished 4th Answer: C. Augmented 3rd
  8. Which of the following intervals is dissonant? A. Perfect 5th B. Minor 3rd C. Perfect 4th D. Major 6th Answer: B. Minor 3rd
  9. What interval is formed between C and D in a melodic context when ascending? A. Major 2nd B. Minor 2nd C. Major 3rd D. Minor 3rd Answer: A. Major 2nd

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Intervals from previous years

Question 1 Report

The passage, when transposed 3\(\frac{1}{2}\) tones up, will be in the key of

Practice a number of Intervals past questions