Definition of Hadith and Sunnah: In the study of Islamic teachings, the terms 'Hadith' and 'Sunnah' hold significant importance. A Hadith refers to the recorded sayings, actions, and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) that serve as a source of guidance and law for Muslims. On the other hand, Sunnah encompasses the practices and teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), including his sayings, actions, and approvals, which Muslims are encouraged to follow.

Differences and Similarities Between Hadith and Sunnah: While Hadith specifically refers to the recorded traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), Sunnah has a broader scope, encompassing his entire way of life, including his actions, sayings, and approvals. The Hadith serves as a specific narration of the Prophet's actions and sayings, while Sunnah reflects his exemplary way of life that all Muslims are encouraged to emulate.

The Importance of Hadith and Sunnah: Hadith and Sunnah are essential sources of guidance for Muslims in understanding the teachings of Islam and the way of life prescribed by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). They provide insights into the Prophet's character, actions, and sayings, which serve as a model for believers to follow in their daily lives. Through the study of Hadith and Sunnah, Muslims can gain a deeper understanding of their faith and practice.

Parts of the Hadith: Isnad, Matn, and Rawi: A Hadith consists of three main parts: Isnad, Matn, and Rawi. Isnad refers to the chain of narrators who transmitted the Hadith from one generation to another. Matn is the actual text of the Hadith, containing the Prophet's sayings, actions, or approvals. Rawi refers to the narrators themselves who conveyed the Hadith and are crucial in determining the authenticity of the narration.

Criteria for Authenticity of Hadith: Scholars have established rigorous criteria to assess the authenticity of Hadith narratives, considering factors such as the reliability of narrators, consistency with established teachings, and the integrity of the transmission chain. Through meticulous scrutiny and verification, Hadith scholars determine the credibility and reliability of each narration, categorizing them based on their authenticity.

Classification of Hadith: Sahih, Hasan, and Da‘if: Based on the authenticity and reliability of the narration, Hadith are classified into different categories. Sahih Hadith are considered authentic and reliable, meeting strict criteria for acceptance. Hasan Hadith are deemed good, although not as strong as Sahih. Da‘if Hadith are classified as weak due to defects in the chain of transmission or content.

The Six Sound Collections of Hadith (Sihaus-Sittah) and Their Compilers: The Sihaus-Sittah, also known as the Six Authentic Books of Hadith, are revered collections compiled by eminent scholars in Islamic history. These compilations include Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawood, Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Sunan an-Nasa'i, and Sunan Ibn Majah. Each collection was meticulously compiled, authenticated, and preserved to ensure the transmission of authentic teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to future generations.


  1. Evaluate the Criteria for Authenticity of Hadith
  2. Differentiate Between Hadith and Sunnah
  3. Explore the Six Sound Collections of Hadith (Sihaus-Sittah) and Their Compilers
  4. Recognize the Importance of Hadith and Sunnah
  5. Classify Hadith into Sahih, Hasan, and Da‘if categories
  6. Understand the Definition of Hadith
  7. Analyze the Parts of a Hadith: Isnad, Matn, and Rawi

Lesson Note

The term Hadith refers to the sayings, actions, and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). These narrations are essential for understanding Islam, filling in details that the Quran might not explicitly state. The study of Hadith is crucial for Muslims as it portrays the Prophet's life in different aspects and offers practical examples for adherents to follow.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Hadith. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the definition of Hadith in Islamic Studies? A. Prophetic traditions and sayings
  2. B. Historical events C. Poetic verses D. Legal decisions Answer: A. Prophetic traditions and sayings
  3. What are the differences and similarities between Hadith and Sunnah? A. Hadith are the sayings of the Prophet, while Sunnah refers to his actions
  4. B. Hadith and Sunnah are the same concepts C. Sunnah are the sayings of the Prophet, while Hadith refers to his actions D. Hadith are written texts, while Sunnah are oral traditions Answer: A. Hadith are the sayings of the Prophet, while Sunnah refers to his actions
  5. Why are Hadith and Sunnah important in Islamic Studies? A. They provide guidance on religious practices and beliefs
  6. B. They are historical anecdotes C. They are literary works D. They contain scientific knowledge Answer: A. They provide guidance on religious practices and beliefs
  7. What are the parts of a Hadith? A. Isnad, Matn, Rawi
  8. B. Introduction, Body, Conclusion C. Narrator, Place, Time D. Chapters, Verses, Surahs Answer: A. Isnad, Matn, Rawi
  9. How do scholars evaluate the authenticity of Hadith? A. By examining the reliability of the chain of narrators
  10. B. By assessing the length of the Hadith C. By referring to the time of compilation D. By considering the popularity of the Hadith Answer: A. By examining the reliability of the chain of narrators

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Hadith from previous years

Question 1 Report

This Hadīth above teaches us to avoid

Question 1 Report

Dinstinguish between Haddith and sunnah

Practice a number of Hadith past questions