Emerging Issues in the Society: Cultism Cultism has become a prevalent issue in Nigerian society, especially among young individuals. It is crucial to delve into this topic to understand its meaning, origins, different cult groups, reasons behind cultism, consequences, and ways to prevent it.

Understanding the Meaning and Origin of Cultism Cultism can be defined as a social group or organization with deviant and often dangerous ideologies. These groups usually have secretive initiation processes and rituals that emphasize loyalty and obedience among members.

The origin of cultism in Nigeria can be traced back to the early days of universities when certain fraternities were formed for camaraderie. However, over time, these groups evolved into violent and criminal organizations, giving rise to the negative connotation associated with cultism today.

Recognizing Different Cult Groups in Nigeria and Their Symbols There are several cult groups in Nigeria, each with its distinctive symbols and modes of operation. Notable cult groups include the Black Axe, Eiye Confraternity, Buccaneers, and Vikings. These groups often use symbols such as specific hand signs, colors, and emblems to identify themselves and instill fear in others.

Analyzing the Reasons for Cultism Various factors contribute to the prevalence of cultism in society. These include a quest for power and influence, peer pressure, a desire for protection, and a sense of belonging. Many young people join cult groups seeking validation and a semblance of identity, unaware of the dangers and consequences that come with such associations.

Identifying the Consequences of Cultism The consequences of cultism are dire and far-reaching. They include violence, loss of lives, destruction of property, academic disruption, and psychological trauma. Cult activities often lead to a breakdown of law and order in communities, creating a climate of fear and insecurity.

Exploring Ways of Preventing Cultism in the Society Preventing cultism requires a multi-faceted approach involving the government, educational institutions, families, and civil society. Strategies such as robust law enforcement, awareness campaigns, mentoring programs, and creating safe spaces for young people to express themselves positively are essential in curbing the spread of cultism. Education on the dangers of cultism and promoting positive values like tolerance, respect, and non-violence are crucial in preventing individuals from joining cult groups.

In conclusion, addressing the issue of cultism in Nigerian society requires a concerted effort from all stakeholders. By understanding its origins, recognizing the different cult groups, analyzing the reasons behind cultism, identifying the consequences, and exploring preventive measures, we can work towards creating a safer and more harmonious community for all.


  1. Identifying the Consequences of Cultism
  2. Recognizing Different Cult Groups in Nigeria and Their Symbols
  3. Analyzing the Reasons for Cultism
  4. Identifying the Objectives:Understanding the Meaning and Origin of Cultism
  5. Exploring Ways of Preventing Cultism in the Society

Lesson Note

Understanding cultism is crucial for building a peaceful and safe society. Cultism refers to the activities or practices of a group of people whose beliefs or practices are regarded by others as strange or sinister. These groups often operate in secrecy and engage in acts that can be harmful to individuals and society as a whole.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Cultism. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the symbols of cultism used by different cult groups in Nigeria? A. Black Axe - Axe and a Scepter B. Buccaneers - Anchor and Sail C. Vikings - Anchor and Sickle D. Eiye - Eagle and Casket Answer: A. Black Axe - Axe and a Scepter
  2. Which of the following is NOT a reason for cultism in the society? A. Seeking protection B. Quest for power and influence C. Brotherhood and camaraderie D. Promotion of academic excellence Answer: D. Promotion of academic excellence
  3. What is the main consequence of cultism in society? A. Promotion of peace and unity B. Conflicts and violence C. Academic excellence D. Social harmony Answer: B. Conflicts and violence
  4. How can cultism be prevented in the society? A. Encouraging unity and diversity B. Promoting tolerance and understanding C. Providing alternative social activities D. Glorifying cult activities Answer: C. Providing alternative social activities

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Cultism from previous years

Question 1 Report

(a). Outline five negative consequences of cultism on its members in the society.

(b). In what five ways can responsible parenting assist in reducing high rate of cultism in the society?

Practice a number of Cultism past questions