Igbo Orthography (Mkpụrụedemede Igbo)


Welcome to the course material on Igbo Orthography (Mkpụrụedemede Igbo). In this overview, we will delve into the foundational aspects of Igbo orthography, focusing on the written representation of the Igbo language. Orthography plays a crucial role in preserving and standardizing languages, and in the case of Igbo, it is essential for maintaining linguistic integrity and clarity.

One of the primary objectives of this topic is to differentiate between standard Igbo and its dialects. Standard Igbo, also known as Central Igbo, is based on the dialect of the Igbo people living in the central regions of southeastern Nigeria. While Igbo has a rich diversity of dialects due to its wide geographical spread, standard Igbo serves as a common ground for communication and education.

Understanding Igbo orthography involves grasping the basic principles of essay writing in Igbo. This includes mastering the organization of ideas, sentence structure, and coherence in written communication. Additionally, knowledge of basic essay types and their characteristics is fundamental for effective expression in written Igbo.

When delving into Igbo orthography, it is crucial to explore the sound patterns and processes that underlie the language. Vowels and consonants (Ụdaume na Mgbochiume) form the building blocks of Igbo words, and recognizing their pronunciation is key to accurate spelling and reading. Moreover, tone and tone marking (Akara Ụdaolu) play a significant role in distinguishing meaning in Igbo words, highlighting the importance of intonation in written Igbo.

Throughout this course material, we will provide insights into Igbo orthography, offering guidance on using standard Igbo in writing to enhance linguistic competence and clarity. By the end of this course, you will have a deeper understanding of Igbo orthography and be equipped to apply it effectively in your written expressions.


  1. Use Standard Igbo In Their Writings
  2. Differentiate Between Standard Igbo And Dialects

Lesson Note

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Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Igbo Orthography (Mkpụrụedemede Igbo). Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What are the vowels in Igbo language? A. A, B, C B. A, E, I, O, U C. D, E, F D. X, Y, Z Answer: B. A, E, I, O, U
  2. Which of the following is not a consonant in Igbo language? A. N B. K C. L D. M Answer: C. L
  3. In Igbo orthography, how is the sound 'kw' usually represented? A. K B. Q C. KW D. W Answer: C. KW
  4. Which diacritical marks are used in Igbo tone marking? A. Macron B. Caron C. Grave D. Dot Answer: A. Macron
  5. How are vowels and consonants classified in Igbo? A. By their shape B. By their taste C. By their sound quality D. By their color Answer: C. By their sound quality

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