The Efik people played a significant role in the historical development of Nigeria during the 19th century, particularly between 1800 and 1900. This period was marked by intense political and social transformations that shaped the trajectory of the Efik society and its interactions with neighboring communities.

One of the key objectives of studying Efik history during this era is to examine the internal political dynamics within the Efik society. The Efik people had a well-organized political structure that influenced decision-making processes, power relations, and governance within their community. Understanding the intricacies of Efik political development provides insights into the mechanisms through which authority was exercised and how conflicts were managed.

Moreover, assessing the relations between the Efik people and their neighbors is crucial in comprehending the broader historical context in which the Efik community operated. The Efik society was not an isolated entity but engaged in various forms of interactions with neighboring ethnic groups, kingdoms, and trading partners. These relations were characterized by diplomacy, trade agreements, military alliances, and cultural exchanges that influenced the socio-political landscape of the region.

Furthermore, delving into the complexities of Efik relations with neighboring communities sheds light on the interconnected nature of historical developments in the Nigeria area during the 19th century. The interactions between the Efik people and other ethnic groups had far-reaching consequences on trade networks, political alliances, and social dynamics, shaping the historical narrative of the region.

In conclusion, studying the history of the Efik people during the period of 1800-1900 provides valuable insights into their internal political structures and external relations with neighboring societies. By exploring these aspects of Efik history, we can gain a deeper understanding of the historical forces that shaped the Nigeria area during this transformative century.


  1. Assess Efik Relations with Neighbours
  2. Examine Efik Internal Political Development

Lesson Note

The Efik people are an ethnic group located primarily in southeastern Nigeria, particularly in the coastal areas of Cross River State. Historically, they are known for their trading prowess, cultural richness, and intricate social structures. The Efik people hold a significant place in the history of Nigeria due to their early interaction with European traders and missionaries, which helped shape their social and political landscapes.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Efik. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. The questions and answers for the topic 'Efik' in the History of Nigeria Area 1800 - 1900 are as follows: What is the Efik's internal political development centered around during the 19th century? A. Centralized Kingdoms B. Decentralized Chiefdoms C. Democratic Republic D. Monarchial Rule Answer: A. Centralized Kingdoms
  2. Who were the major neighbors of the Efik during the 19th century? A. Yoruba and Hausa B. Igbo and Fulani C. Ashanti and Dahomey D. Ibibio and Ijaw Answer: D. Ibibio and Ijaw
  3. What impact did trade relations have on the Efik during the 1800s? A. Isolation from neighboring groups B. Economic prosperity and political influence C. Cultural stagnation D. Internal conflicts and civil wars Answer: B. Economic prosperity and political influence
  4. How did the Efik establish and maintain relations with neighboring ethnic groups in the 19th century? A. Through military conquest B. Through diplomatic negotiation and alliances C. By enforcing trade restrictions D. By isolating themselves from others Answer: B. Through diplomatic negotiation and alliances

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Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Efik from previous years

Question 1 Report

a. Mention  any three city states of the Niger  Delta that had trade links with the Europeans.
b. Highlight any four roles played by King Jaja of Opobo in the commercial  activities of the Niger Delta.

Question 1 Report

The Efik Kingdom had a highly developed system of writing known as

Practice a number of Efik past questions