Crop Husbandry


Crop Husbandry Overview:

In the realm of agriculture, crop husbandry stands as a fundamental practice that involves the continuous care and management of crops throughout their growth stages to ensure optimal yield and quality. This encompasses a range of activities from crop propagation to harvesting and storage, all aimed at maximizing crop productivity and economic returns.

Understanding the diverse methods of crop propagation is essential for agricultural success. Different crops, such as cereals like maize and rice, legumes like cowpeas and soybeans, and tubers like yam and cassava, require specific propagation techniques tailored to their growth characteristics. These methods include seeds, cuttings, grafting, and tissue culture, each with its own set of benefits and challenges.

Applying appropriate husbandry practices is crucial in ensuring the health and vigor of crops. This includes activities such as land preparation, nutrient management, pest and disease control, irrigation, and weed management. By adopting sustainable and environmentally friendly practices, farmers can enhance crop growth while minimizing negative impacts on the ecosystem.

Identification and management of common diseases and pests are integral parts of crop husbandry. Diseases like rust in cereals and blight in vegetables, as well as pests such as aphids and nematodes, can significantly reduce crop yields if left unchecked. Through timely monitoring and intervention strategies like crop rotation and biological control, farmers can mitigate the impact of these threats.

Assessing the economic importance of various crop groups provides valuable insights into their contribution to national development. Crops like fruits, vegetables, and cash crops such as cocoa and oil palm play vital roles in generating income, providing employment opportunities, and supporting food security. Understanding the market demand, pricing mechanisms, and value chain of these crops is essential for sustainable agribusiness.

Furthermore, analyzing the role of crop husbandry in national economic development highlights the interconnectedness between agriculture and overall economic growth. By enhancing crop productivity, adopting innovative technologies, and promoting value addition along the supply chain, countries can boost their agricultural sector, reduce import dependency, and stimulate rural development.

Overall, crop husbandry serves as a cornerstone of agricultural sustainability, ensuring food security, economic prosperity, and environmental stewardship. By integrating scientific knowledge, traditional practices, and modern innovations, farmers can navigate the complexities of crop production and contribute to the prosperity of their communities and nations.


  1. Understand the methods of crop propagation
  2. Evaluate the economic importance of various crop groups
  3. Apply appropriate husbandry practices for different crops
  4. Identify and manage common diseases and pests affecting crop yield
  5. Analyze the role of crop husbandry in national economic development

Lesson Note

Crop husbandry encompasses all the practices involved in cultivating plants for food, fiber, fuel, and other purposes. From selecting the right seeds to harvesting crops, these methods ensure healthy plant growth and optimal yield. Understanding various aspects of crop husbandry not only helps in improving agricultural productivity but also supports environmental sustainability and economic development.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Crop Husbandry. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. What is the term used to describe the process of removing weeds from a crop field to reduce competition for nutrients, sunlight, and water? A. Mulching B. Tilling C. Weeding D. Pruning Answer: C. Weeding
  2. Which of the following practices involves turning over the soil to incorporate organic matter, improve soil structure, and control weeds? A. Irrigation B. Fertilization C. Mulching D. Ploughing Answer: D. Ploughing
  3. What is the term used for the practice of adding nutrients to the soil to enhance plant growth and increase crop yield? A. Pruning B. Mulching C. Fertilization D. Weeding Answer: C. Fertilization
  4. Which planting pattern involves planting crops in alternating rows with different crops to maximize space and reduce pests and diseases? A. Monocropping B. Mixed cropping C. Strip cropping D. Relay cropping Answer: B. Mixed cropping
  5. What is the term for the process of cutting off dead or overgrown branches or stems of a plant to promote growth and improve yield? A. Tilling B. Pruning C. Mulching D. Weeding Answer: B. Pruning
  6. Which of the following practices involves covering the soil with a layer of organic material to conserve moisture, suppress weeds, and improve soil health? A. Tilling B. Pruning C. Mulching D. Fertilization Answer: C. Mulching
  7. Which of the following is NOT a common method of irrigation in crop husbandry? A. Drip irrigation B. Sprinkler irrigation C. Furrow irrigation D. Wind irrigation Answer: D. Wind irrigation
  8. What is the term for the practice of protecting soil from erosion, nutrient depletion, and other forms of degradation? A. Soil pollution B. Soil conservation C. Soil ventilation D. Soil enrichment Answer: B. Soil conservation
  9. Which of the following is a primary purpose of land preparation in crop husbandry? A. Improving soil structure B. Enhancing soil fertility C. Controlling pests D. Harvesting crops Answer: A. Improving soil structure

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Crop Husbandry from previous years

Question 1 Report

Explain pasture management practices under the following sub-headings: (a) land preparation; (b) three methods of propagation; c) two methods of sowing; (d) fertilizer application; (e) grazing; (f) four management practices other than fertilizing and grazing.

Question 1 Report

Cultural practices can be classified into the following except

Practice a number of Crop Husbandry past questions