Regional Geography


Welcome to the Regional Geography course that delves into the geographical intricacies of a specific geographical region, focusing on Nigeria. Throughout this course, we will explore various aspects such as the location, size, political divisions, ethnic groups, physical settings, population distribution, migration patterns, natural resources, and more within the Nigerian context.

Location, Size, and Political Divisions:

Nigeria, situated in West Africa, is known for its diverse landscapes and cultural tapestry. It covers an extensive area, making it one of the largest countries on the African continent. The political landscape is divided into states, each with its unique characteristics and governance structure.

Ethnic Groups and Distributions:

Nigeria is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, each contributing to the rich cultural heritage of the nation. Understanding the distribution of these ethnic groups provides insights into the social fabric and diversity of Nigeria.

Physical Settings and Human Activities:

The geological features, relief, climate, vegetation, and soil composition significantly influence human activities in Nigeria. Exploring how these elements shape livelihoods, agriculture, and industries provides a holistic view of the interaction between the environment and society.

Population Distribution and Migration Patterns:

Analyzing the patterns of population distribution helps in understanding the dynamics of urbanization, rural-urban migration, and demographic trends in Nigeria. Additionally, examining the types of migration, their challenges, and impacts sheds light on social and economic transformations.

Natural Resources and Conservation:

Nigeria is endowed with various natural resources such as minerals, water bodies, soils, and vegetation. Studying the distribution, utilization, and conservation of these resources is crucial for sustainable development and environmental stewardship.

Agricultural Systems and Manufacturing Industries:

Exploring the agricultural practices, major crops, and challenges in Nigeria offers insights into the agricultural sector's importance and constraints. Similarly, analyzing the types of manufacturing industries, their locations, and associated problems elucidates Nigeria's industrial landscape.

Transportation, Communication, and Trade:

Examining the modes of transportation, communication networks, and trade relationships regionally and internationally provides a comprehensive view of Nigeria's connectivity and economic engagements. Understanding the advantages and challenges in these domains is essential for informed decision-making.

Tourism and Economic Activities:

Assessing the significance of tourism, identifying tourist centers, and exploring economic activities reveal the diverse economic opportunities in Nigeria. However, understanding the challenges facing these sectors is crucial for sustainable development and growth.

ECOWAS: Meaning, Objectives, and Member States:

Delving into the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) unveils its role, goals, and member countries. Evaluating the advantages, benefits, as well as the challenges and potential solutions within ECOWAS offers a broader perspective on regional cooperation and integration.

This course material provides a comprehensive understanding of the regional geography of Nigeria, emphasizing the interplay between physical features, human activities, socio-economic aspects, and regional dynamics. By the end of this course, you will gain insights into the complexities and nuances of Nigeria's geographical landscape and its influence on various facets of life and development.


  1. Identify the Ethnic Groups and their Distributions
  2. Examine the Types of Migration, their Problems and Effects
  3. Indicate their Uses and Conservation
  4. Account for the Pattern of Population Distribution
  5. Describe the Location, Size and Political Divisions of Nigeria
  6. Identify the Types of Natural Resources and their Distribution
  7. Relate the Components of Physical Settings to their Effects on Human Activities

Lesson Note

Regional geography is a field of study that focuses on the spatial distribution of phenomena across physical spaces. It emphasizes various aspects such as ethnic groups, migration, natural resources, population distribution, and the interrelation between physical settings and human activities. In this article, we will delve into each of these components in detail to provide a comprehensive understanding.

Lesson Evaluation

Congratulations on completing the lesson on Regional Geography. Now that youve explored the key concepts and ideas, its time to put your knowledge to the test. This section offers a variety of practice questions designed to reinforce your understanding and help you gauge your grasp of the material.

You will encounter a mix of question types, including multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, and essay questions. Each question is thoughtfully crafted to assess different aspects of your knowledge and critical thinking skills.

Use this evaluation section as an opportunity to reinforce your understanding of the topic and to identify any areas where you may need additional study. Don't be discouraged by any challenges you encounter; instead, view them as opportunities for growth and improvement.

  1. Describe the location and political divisions of Nigeria. A. Northern Nigeria, Central Nigeria, Southern Nigeria B. East Nigeria, West Nigeria, South Nigeria C. North-West Nigeria, North-East Nigeria, South-West Nigeria D. North-Central Nigeria, North-East Nigeria, South-West Nigeria Answer: C. North-West Nigeria, North-East Nigeria, South-West Nigeria
  2. Identify the major ethnic groups in Nigeria. A. Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa B. Maasai, Zulu, Khoikhoi C. Fulani, Berber, Tuareg D. Bantu, San, Oromo Answer: A. Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa
  3. How do the physical settings of Nigeria impact human activities? A. Relief affects agricultural practices B. Vegetation influences industrial development C. Climate affects transportation systems D. Geology determines population distribution Answer: A. Relief affects agricultural practices
  4. What are the types of migration seen in Nigeria? A. Internal, external, seasonal B. Forced, voluntary, circular C. Rural-urban, urban-rural, international D. Step, chain, rural-urban Answer: C. Rural-urban, urban-rural, international
  5. Identify the natural resources found in Nigeria. A. Gold, Silver, Platinum B. Diamonds, Uranium, Rhodium C. Oil, Natural gas, Coal D. Copper, Iron, Aluminum Answer: C. Oil, Natural gas, Coal
  6. Compare the major crops produced in Nigeria. A. Cocoa, Sugar, Rubber B. Corn, Wheat, Rice C. Coffee, Tobacco, Cotton D. Sorghum, Millet, Cassava Answer: D. Sorghum, Millet, Cassava
  7. What are the major industries in Nigeria and where are they located? A. Textiles in Lagos, Cement in Kano, Automobiles in Port Harcourt B. Steel in Enugu, Electronics in Ibadan, Petrochemicals in Warri C. Food processing in Kaduna, Pharmaceuticals in Abuja, Beverages in Benin City D. Paper in Calabar, Chemicals in Zaria, Machinery in Owerri Answer: C. Food processing in Kaduna, Pharmaceuticals in Abuja, Beverages in Benin City
  8. How do transportation and communication systems influence regional trade in Nigeria? A. Poor infrastructure hinders international trade B. Efficient transport networks facilitate domestic trade C. Lack of connectivity limits regional economic integration D. Advanced communication technologies boost tourism Answer: B. Efficient transport networks facilitate domestic trade
  9. What is the importance of tourism in Nigeria and what are the key tourist centers? A. Economic diversification, Lagos and Abuja B. Cultural exchange, Jos Plateau and Oshun-Osogbo Sacred Grove C. Job creation, Niger River and Yankari National Park D. Infrastructure development, Sahara Desert and River Benue Answer: C. Job creation, Niger River and Yankari National Park
  10. Describe the meaning and objectives of ECOWAS. A. Economic Community of West African States, promote economic integration B. Environmental Council of Western Africa, conserve natural resources C. Educational Consortium of West Africa, enhance academic collaboration D. Energy Commission of West African States, develop renewable energy sources Answer: A. Economic Community of West African States, promote economic integration

Recommended Books

Past Questions

Wondering what past questions for this topic looks like? Here are a number of questions about Regional Geography from previous years

Question 1 Report

The least important factor in the location of settlements is the availability of

Question 1 Report

Roads and settlements are restricted in the area because of the

Practice a number of Regional Geography past questions