Nigeria's Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) is known for its flagship examination, the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME). This test has been the key gateway for millions of Nigerian students aspiring to gain admission into tertiary institutions. In this article, we embark on a historical journey to trace the evolution of JAMB UTME, from its inception to the modern era of computer-based testing (CBT).

The roots of JAMB UTME can be traced back to 1978 when it was established as the Joint Admissions Examination Board (JAEB). Its primary goal was to streamline the admission process and eliminate the need for multiple entrance examinations conducted by different universities. JAEB initially conducted paper-based tests, with subjects categorized into science, arts, and social sciences.

Over the years, JAMB UTME underwent several changes and adaptations. In 1989, the board was restructured and renamed as the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) to reflect its broader role in the admission process. Alongside the name change, JAMB introduced a new scheme for the examination format. Instead of just testing general knowledge, the exam focused on specific subjects according to the chosen field of study.

The advent of the internet and digital technology brought about a significant shift in JAMB UTME. In 2005, Green Bridge CBT, a leading provider of educational resources, introduced online platforms for JAMB past questions and answers. As a result, candidates gained access to a vast database of over 65,000 past questions and answers. This platform revolutionized exam preparation, enabling students to practice and familiarize themselves with the format and structure of JAMB UTME.

The era of computer-based testing (CBT) ushered in a new wave of innovation and efficiency. In 2013, JAMB adopted CBT as the official mode of conducting UTME. This move aimed to enhance the credibility and integrity of the examination process while leveraging the benefits of technology. Candidates now take their exams on computer terminals, using specialized software that randomizes questions to minimize cheating and ensure fairness.

Green Bridge CBT has been at the forefront of this transition to CBT. They developed offline CBT software, which allows candidates to practice JAMB UTME questions on their personal computers without an internet connection. This development made exam preparation more accessible, especially to those with limited or no internet access. The Green Bridge CBT Android mobile app further expanded accessibility, allowing students to practice on their smartphones anytime, anywhere.

Today, JAMB UTME continues to evolve, incorporating innovative features to improve the testing experience. The introduction of biometric verification in 2019 further enhanced examination security, ensuring that only eligible candidates participate. JAMB also increased the number of examination centers across the country, making it more convenient for candidates to take the test.

In conclusion, the journey of JAMB UTME has been marked by continuous adaptation and improvement. From its humble beginnings as JAEB to the modern era of CBT, the examination has undergone significant transformations. Green Bridge CBT has played a vital role in this evolution, offering comprehensive study materials and facilitating efficient exam preparation. As JAMB UTME continues to shape the educational landscape in Nigeria, Green Bridge CBT remains a trusted ally for students seeking success in their entrance exams.


This article traces the evolution of Nigeria's entrance exam, JAMB UTME, from its inception to the modern era of computer-based testing. It explores the historical journey of the exam, highlighting key milestones and changes along the way. The article also emphasizes the role of Green Bridge CBT, a leading provider of educational resources, in revolutionizing exam preparation through online platforms and offline CBT software. It concludes by highlighting the continuous evolution of JAMB UTME and the importance of Green Bridge CBT in supporting students' success in the entrance exams.


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