Studying literature can be challenging, especially when it comes to analyzing prose texts for the WAEC Literature-in-English exam. However, with the right study techniques, you can navigate through these texts effectively and excel in your exams. In this article, we will explore some valuable strategies to help you master the art of prose analysis.

1. Read Actively

When studying prose texts, it's important to read actively. This means engaging with the material and paying close attention to the details. Take notes as you read and underline or highlight important passages. This will help you remember key points and develop a deeper understanding of the text.

2. Identify Themes and Motifs

Themes and motifs are recurring ideas or symbols in a literary work. By identifying these, you can gain insight into the deeper meaning of the text. Look for patterns, symbols, and repeated ideas throughout the prose. This will enable you to analyze the themes and motifs effectively in your exams.

3. Analyze Characterization

Characterization is the process of creating and developing characters in a literary work. Pay close attention to how the author presents and describes their characters. Consider their actions, behaviors, and dialogue. This will help you understand their motivations, relationships, and roles within the text. WAEC past questions often require students to analyze the characterization in prose texts, so be prepared to demonstrate your knowledge in this area.

4. Consider Narrative Techniques

Authors use various narrative techniques to tell their stories. These techniques can include point of view, narrative structure, foreshadowing, and flashback, among others. Reflect on how these techniques shape the prose and contribute to its overall meaning. By analyzing the narrative techniques employed, you can deepen your understanding of the text and effectively answer exam questions.

5. Practice Past Questions

One of the most effective ways to prepare for the WAEC Literature-in-English exam is to practice past questions. Green Bridge CBT offers a wide range of WAEC past questions to help you familiarize yourself with the types of questions you may encounter. By practicing past questions, you can hone your analytical skills and improve your exam performance.


Mastering the art of prose analysis for the WAEC Literature-in-English exam requires practice, active reading, and a keen understanding of key literary elements. By implementing the strategies outlined in this article, you can navigate through prose texts with confidence and excel in your exams. Remember to practice regularly and utilize the resources available to you, such as past questions from Green Bridge CBT, to enhance your preparation.


This article provides effective study techniques for analyzing prose texts in the WAEC Literature-in-English exam. It emphasizes the importance of active reading, identifying themes and motifs, analyzing characterization, considering narrative techniques, and practicing past questions. The article aims to help students navigate through literature texts and excel in their exams.


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