Are you preparing to take the NECO SSCE Agricultural Science examination? This article serves as a comprehensive guide to help you excel in your Agricultural Science exam. By understanding sustainable farming practices, you will be equipped with the knowledge and skills to answer questions accurately and confidently.

Sustainable farming practices are crucial in today's world, as they promote environmental conservation, enhance food production, and ensure the long-term viability of agricultural systems. As an Agricultural Science student, it is important to grasp these concepts and apply them effectively. Here are some key sustainable farming practices to focus on:

Crop Rotation

Crop rotation involves the deliberate sequencing of different crops in a particular field over several seasons. This practice helps to prevent the build-up of pests, diseases, and nutrient deficiencies. By alternating crops, you give the soil time to recover and replenish essential nutrients naturally. Additionally, different crops can have complementary effects on the soil, enhancing its fertility and overall health.


Agroforestry is the integration of trees and shrubs with crops or livestock within agricultural systems. This practice has multiple benefits, such as providing shade, windbreaks, and erosion control. Trees and shrubs also contribute to soil fertility through nutrient cycling and the prevention of nutrient runoff. Agroforestry systems can improve biodiversity, enhance climate resilience, and increase overall productivity.

Organic Farming

Organic farming focuses on the use of natural inputs and techniques to produce crops and raise livestock. This approach avoids the use of synthetic pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and genetically modified organisms. Organic farming promotes soil health, biodiversity, and water conservation. It also promotes the production of high-quality, chemical-free food products, which are in high demand both locally and internationally.

Water Conservation

Water is a valuable resource in agriculture. As a responsible farmer, it is important to adopt practices that promote water conservation. These practices include efficient irrigation methods, rainwater harvesting, and the use of drought-tolerant crop varieties. Water conservation not only helps farmers reduce their operational costs but also minimizes the environmental impact of agricultural activities.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Integrated Pest Management is an approach that combines various pest control methods to minimize reliance on chemical pesticides. IPM involves the use of cultural, biological, and chemical control measures based on the specific needs of the crop and the severity of pest infestations. By implementing IPM strategies, farmers can effectively manage pests while minimizing harm to beneficial organisms and the environment.

By familiarizing yourself with these sustainable farming practices, you will be well-prepared for the NECO SSCE Agricultural Science exam. Remember, practice is key to success. Green Bridge CBT provides a variety of study materials, including past questions and answers, to help you master these concepts. Make use of their extensive resources to enhance your exam preparation. Good luck!


This article serves as a guide for excelling in the NECO SSCE Agricultural Science examination, focusing on sustainable farming practices. It emphasizes the importance of practices such as crop rotation, agroforestry, organic farming, water conservation, and integrated pest management. By understanding and implementing these practices, students can ensure environmental conservation, enhance food production, and ensure the long-term sustainability of agricultural systems. The article also highlights the resources provided by Green Bridge CBT to aid in exam preparation.


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