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**Question 1**
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If \(s = 3i - j\) and \(t = 2i + 3j\), find \((t - 3s).(t + 3s)\).

**Answer Details**

First, let's find the value of the expressions inside the parentheses: \begin{align*} t - 3s &= 2i + 3j - 3(3i - j)\\ &= 2i + 3j - 9i + 3j\\ &= -7i + 6j\\ \\ t + 3s &= 2i + 3j + 3(3i - j)\\ &= 2i + 3j + 9i - 3j\\ &= 11i \end{align*} Now we can substitute these expressions into the dot product: \begin{align*} (t - 3s).(t + 3s) &= (-7i + 6j).(11i)\\ &= -77i + 66j\\ \end{align*} Therefore, the answer is -77.

**Question 2**
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Find the range of values of x for which \(x^{2} + 4x + 5\) is less than \(3x^{2} - x + 2\)

**Question 3**
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Given that \(P = \begin{pmatrix} y - 2 & y - 1 \\ y - 4 & y + 2 \end{pmatrix}\) and |P| = -23, find the value of y.

**Question 4**
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Given that \(f(x) = 2x^{3} - 3x^{2} - 11x + 6\) and \(f(3) = 0\), factorize f(x).

**Answer Details**

To factorize the given expression, we can use synthetic division or long division to divide \(f(x)\) by \(x - 3\) which is one of its factors as given. The result of this division is a quadratic expression that can be factored easily. Using synthetic division, we get: \begin{array}{c|cccc} & 2 & -3 & -11 & 6 \\ \hline 3 & & 6 & 9 & -6 \\ & & & -6 & 27 \\ \hline & 2 & 3 & -2 & 21 \end{array} Thus, \(f(x) = (x - 3)(2x^{2} + 3x - 2)\). Now we need to factorize the quadratic expression \(2x^{2} + 3x - 2\). We can use the quadratic formula or factorization by grouping to factorize the quadratic expression. Factorization by grouping is simpler and can be done as follows: \begin{align*} 2x^{2} + 3x - 2 &= 2x^{2} + 4x - x - 2 \\ &= 2x(x + 2) - 1(x + 2) \\ &= (2x - 1)(x + 2) \end{align*} Therefore, the complete factorization of \(f(x)\) is: $$f(x) = (x - 3)(2x - 1)(x + 2)$$ Hence, the correct option is (C) (x - 3)(x + 2)(2x - 1).

**Question 5**
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The function \(f : F \to R\)

= \(f(x) = \begin{cases} 3x + 2 : x > 4 \\ 3x - 2 : x = 4 \\ 5x - 3 : x < 4 \end{cases}\). Find f(4) - f(-3).

**Answer Details**

The function f is defined piecewise as follows: For x > 4, f(x) = 3x + 2 For x = 4, f(x) = 3x - 2 For x < 4, f(x) = 5x - 3 To find f(4) - f(-3), we first need to find f(4) and f(-3) separately. Since f(4) is defined as 3x - 2 when x = 4, we have f(4) = 3(4) - 2 = 10. Since f(x) is defined as 5x - 3 when x < 4 and we are looking for f(-3), we substitute -3 for x to get f(-3) = 5(-3) - 3 = -18. Now we can calculate f(4) - f(-3) as: f(4) - f(-3) = 10 - (-18) = 28 Therefore, the answer is 28.

**Question 6**
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Find the equation of the straight line that passes through (2, -3) and perpendicular to the line 3x - 2y + 4 = 0.

**Question 7**
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Find the upper quartile of the following scores: 41, 29, 17, 2, 12, 33, 45, 18, 43 and 5.

**Answer Details**

To find the upper quartile, we first need to arrange the numbers in order from smallest to largest: 2, 5, 12, 17, 18, 29, 33, 41, 43, 45 The upper quartile divides the data set into quarters, with 25% of the data falling above this point. To find the upper quartile, we need to find the median of the upper half of the data set. The upper half of the data set is: 29, 33, 41, 43, 45 The median of this data set is the middle number, which is 41. Therefore, the upper quartile is 41. So the correct answer is.

**Question 8**
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If \(\sqrt{x} + \sqrt{x + 1} = \sqrt{2x + 1}\), find the possible values of x.

**Question 9**
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If \(f(x) = x^{2}\) and \(g(x) = \sin x\), find g o f.

**Answer Details**

To find g o f, we need to substitute f(x) into g(x). Therefore, we have: g o f = g(f(x)) = g(x^2) = sin(x^2) So the answer is \(\sin x^{2}\). Option (B).

**Question 10**
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A committee consists of 5 boys namely: Kofi, John, Ojo, Ozo and James and 3 girls namely: Rose, Ugo and Ama. In how many ways can a sub-committee consisting of 3 boys and 2 girls be chosen, if Ozo must be on the sub-committee?

**Answer Details**

The problem states that a sub-committee must be formed consisting of 3 boys and 2 girls. Also, Ozo must be on the sub-committee. This means that we already have one of the three boys chosen. We need to choose two more boys from the remaining four boys, and two girls from the three girls. The number of ways to choose two boys from the remaining four boys is given by the combination formula: C(4,2) = 6. (Alternatively, we can list all the possible combinations of two boys from the remaining four boys: Kofi and John, Kofi and Ojo, Kofi and James, John and Ojo, John and James, Ojo and James. This gives us a total of 6 combinations.) Similarly, the number of ways to choose two girls from the three girls is given by the combination formula: C(3,2) = 3. (Alternatively, we can list all the possible combinations of two girls from the three girls: Rose and Ugo, Rose and Ama, Ugo and Ama. This gives us a total of 3 combinations.) To find the total number of ways to choose the sub-committee, we multiply the number of ways to choose two boys and two girls: 6 x 3 = 18. Therefore, the answer is 18.

**Question 11**
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If \(\frac{^{n}C_{3}}{^{n}P_{2}} = 1\), find the value of n.

**Question 12**
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Express \(\log \frac{1}{8} + \log \frac{1}{2}\) in terms of \(\log 2\).

**Answer Details**

We know that: \[\log a + \log b = \log ab\] Using this property, we can rewrite the given expression as: \[\log \left(\frac{1}{8} \cdot \frac{1}{2}\right) = \log \frac{1}{16}\] Now, we use another property of logarithms: \[\log a^b = b\log a\] to rewrite \(\log \frac{1}{16}\) in terms of \(\log 2\): \[\log \frac{1}{16} = \log 2^{-4} = -4\log 2\] Therefore, \(\log \frac{1}{8} + \log \frac{1}{2} = -4\log 2\) and the answer is: \(-4 \log 2\).

**Question 13**
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If \(2\sin^{2}\theta = 1 + \cos \theta, 0° \leq \theta \leq 90°\), find \(\theta\).

**Answer Details**

We can use trigonometric identities to solve the equation. First, we know that $\cos^2 \theta + \sin^2 \theta = 1$, so we can write: \begin{align*} 2\sin^2 \theta &= 1 + \cos \theta \\ 2(1 - \cos^2 \theta) &= 1 + \cos \theta \\ 2 - 2\cos^2 \theta &= 1 + \cos \theta \\ 2\cos^2 \theta + \cos \theta - 1 &= 0 \\ (2\cos \theta - 1)(\cos \theta + 1) &= 0 \\ \end{align*} Therefore, either $2\cos \theta - 1 = 0$ or $\cos \theta + 1 = 0$. Solving for $\theta$ in each case, we get: \begin{align*} 2\cos \theta - 1 &= 0 \\ \cos \theta &= \frac{1}{2} \\ \theta &= 60^\circ \\ \\ \cos \theta + 1 &= 0 \\ \cos \theta &= -1 \\ \theta &= 180^\circ \\ \end{align*} However, we are given that $0^\circ \leq \theta \leq 90^\circ$, so the only valid solution is $\theta = 60^\circ$. Therefore, the answer is (C) 60°.

**Question 14**
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Two out of ten tickets on sale for a raffle draw are winning tickets. If a guest bought two tickets, what is the probability that both tickets are winning tickets?

**Answer Details**

There are ten tickets on sale for the raffle draw, and two of them are winning tickets. If a guest buys two tickets, there are a total of \(_{10}C_2\) ways to choose two tickets out of the ten. This is because we can choose any two tickets out of ten in \(_{10}C_2\) ways, and each combination is equally likely. The number of ways to choose two winning tickets out of the two available winning tickets is \(_2C_2\), which is equal to 1. The probability of selecting two winning tickets is therefore: $$ \frac{\text{number of ways to choose two winning tickets}}{\text{number of ways to choose any two tickets}} = \frac{\binom{2}{2}}{\binom{10}{2}} = \frac{1}{\frac{10\times9}{2\times1}} = \frac{1}{45} $$ Therefore, the probability that both tickets are winning tickets is \(\frac{1}{45}\).

**Question 15**
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The equation of a circle is \(x^{2} + y^{2} - 8x + 9y + 15 = 0\). Find its radius.

**Answer Details**

To find the radius of a circle given its equation, we need to complete the square for both the x and y terms. We can do this by rearranging the equation as follows: \begin{align*} x^2 - 8x + y^2 + 9y &= -15 \\ (x^2 - 8x + 16) + (y^2 + 9y + 20.25) &= -15 + 16 + 20.25 \\ (x - 4)^2 + (y + 4.5)^2 &= 21.25 \end{align*} We can now see that the equation of the circle is in the standard form: \begin{equation*} (x - a)^2 + (y - b)^2 = r^2 \end{equation*} where the center of the circle is at point (a, b) and the radius is r. From the completed square form, we can identify that the center of the circle is at point (4, -4.5) and the radius is the square root of 21.25, which simplifies to: \begin{equation*} r = \sqrt{21.25} = \frac{1}{2} \sqrt{85} \end{equation*} Therefore, the correct answer is option (C), \(\frac{1}{2}\sqrt{85}\).

**Question 16**
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A circular ink blot on a piece of paper increases its area at the rate \(4mm^{2}/s\). Find the rate of the radius of the blot when the radius is 8mm. \([\pi = \frac{22}{7}]\).

**Question 17**
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Given that \(P = \begin{pmatrix} 3 & 4 \\ 2 & x \end{pmatrix}; Q = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 3 \\ -2 & 4 \end{pmatrix}; R = \begin{pmatrix} -5 & 25 \\ -8 & 26 \end{pmatrix}\) and PQ = R, find the value of x.

**Answer Details**

To find x such that PQ = R, we need to find the matrix product of P and Q, and then compare it to R. The matrix product of P and Q is given by: $$ PQ = \begin{pmatrix} 3 & 4 \\ 2 & x \end{pmatrix} \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 3 \\ -2 & 4 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} (3\times 1) + (4\times -2) & (3\times 3) + (4\times 4) \\ (2\times 1) + (x\times -2) & (2\times 3) + (x\times 4) \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} -5 & 25 \\ 2-2x & 22+4x \end{pmatrix} $$ We are given that PQ = R, which means we can equate the corresponding entries of the two matrices. In particular, the entry in the first row and first column of PQ must be equal to the entry in the first row and first column of R, i.e. -5. This gives us the equation: $$ -5 = -5 $$ Next, we can equate the corresponding entries in the second row and first column of PQ and R, i.e. 2-2x = -8. Solving for x, we get: $$ 2-2x = -8 \Rightarrow x = 5 $$ Therefore, the value of x that satisfies the equation PQ = R is 5.

**Question 18**
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Forces 50N and 80N act on a body as shown in the diagram. Find, correct to the nearest whole number, the horizontal component of the resultant force.

**Question 19**
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A binary operation * is defined on the set of real numbers, R, by \(x * y = x + y - xy\). If the identity element under the operation * is 0, find the inverse of \(x \in R\).

**Question 20**
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Given that \(a^{\frac{5}{6}} \times a^{\frac{-1}{n}} = 1\), solve for n.

**Answer Details**

We can simplify the left side of the equation as follows: $$a^{\frac{5}{6}} \times a^{\frac{-1}{n}} = a^{\frac{5}{6} - \frac{1}{n}}$$ Since this expression equals 1, we have: $$a^{\frac{5}{6} - \frac{1}{n}} = 1$$ We can rewrite this as: $$\frac{5}{6} - \frac{1}{n} = 0$$ Solving for n, we get: $$\frac{1}{n} = \frac{5}{6}$$ $$n = \frac{6}{5} = 1.2$$ Therefore, the value of n is 1.20, which is.

**Question 21**
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Express \(\frac{x^{2} + x + 4}{(1 - x)(x^{2} + 1)}\) in partial fractions.

**Question 22**
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Two bodies of masses 3kg and 5kg moving with velocities 2 m/s and V m/s respectively in opposite directions collide. If they move together after collision with velocity 3.5 m/s in the direction of the 5kg mass, find the value of V.

**Question 23**
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Calculate the mean deviation of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.

**Answer Details**

To calculate the mean deviation, we first need to find the mean of the given data set. Mean = (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9) / 10 = 50 / 10 = 5 Next, we find the deviation of each value from the mean by subtracting the mean from each value: 1 - 5 = -4 2 - 5 = -3 3 - 5 = -2 4 - 5 = -1 5 - 5 = 0 5 - 5 = 0 6 - 5 = 1 7 - 5 = 2 8 - 5 = 3 9 - 5 = 4 To find the mean deviation, we need to find the average of the absolute values of these deviations. Mean Deviation = (|-4| + |-3| + |-2| + |-1| + |0| + |0| + |1| + |2| + |3| + |4|) / 10 = 20 / 10 = 2 Therefore, the mean deviation of the given data set is 2. The answer is (a) 2.

**Question 24**
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The fourth term of an exponential sequence is 192 and its ninth term is 6. Find the common ratio of the sequence.

**Answer Details**

Let's assume that the first term of the exponential sequence is "a" and the common ratio is "r". Then, we can write the fourth and ninth terms as: Fourth term: ar^3 = 192 Ninth term: ar^8 = 6 We can then divide the two equations to eliminate "a" and obtain a relationship between the two powers of "r": (ar^8) / (ar^3) = 6/192 r^5 = 1/32 Taking the fifth root of both sides, we get: r = (1/32)^(1/5) = 1/2 Therefore, the common ratio of the exponential sequence is \(\frac{1}{2}\).

**Question 25**
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Differentiate \(x^{2} + xy - 5 = 0\).

**Answer Details**

To differentiate the equation, we need to find the derivative of each term in it, using the rules of differentiation. \begin{align*} \frac{d}{dx}(x^{2} + xy - 5) &= \frac{d}{dx}(0) \\ \frac{d}{dx}(x^{2}) + \frac{d}{dx}(xy) - \frac{d}{dx}(5) &= 0 \\ 2x + y\frac{dx}{dx} + x\frac{dy}{dx} - 0 &= 0 \\ 2x + y + x\frac{dy}{dx} &= 0 \\ x\frac{dy}{dx} &= -(2x + y) \\ \frac{dy}{dx} &= -\frac{2x+y}{x} \end{align*} Therefore, the correct answer is \(\frac{-(2x + y)}{x}\).

**Question 26**
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The sales of five salesgirls on a certain day are as follows; GH¢ 26.00, GH¢ 39.00, GH¢ 33.00, GH¢ 25.00 and GH¢ 37.00. Calculate the standard deviation if the mean sale is GH¢ 32.00.

**Answer Details**

To calculate the standard deviation, we need to first find the deviations of each sale from the mean sale, square them, sum them up, divide by the total number of sales, and then take the square root of the result. The mean sale is GH¢ 32.00, so the deviations of each sale from the mean are: - GH¢ -6.00 - GH¢ 7.00 - GH¢ 1.00 - GH¢ -7.00 - GH¢ 5.00 Squaring these deviations, we get: - 36 - 49 - 1 - 49 - 25 Summing these up, we get: 36 + 49 + 1 + 49 + 25 = 160 Dividing by the total number of sales (which is 5), we get: 160/5 = 32 Taking the square root of this result, we get: sqrt(32) = 5.66 Therefore, the standard deviation is GH¢ 5.66. So the answer is.

**Question 27**
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A particle is acted upon by two forces 6N and 3N inclined at an angle of 120° to each other. Find the magnitude of the resultant force.

**Answer Details**

To find the magnitude of the resultant force, we can use the Law of Cosines, which states that in any triangle, the square of one side is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides minus twice the product of those two sides and the cosine of the included angle. In this case, let the two forces be a and b, with an included angle of 120°. Then, the magnitude of the resultant force, which we'll call R, is: $$R^2 = a^2 + b^2 - 2ab\cos{120^\circ}$$ Since cosine of 120° is -1/2, we can simplify this to: $$R^2 = a^2 + b^2 + ab$$ Substituting the values given in the problem, we get: $$R^2 = (6\text{ N})^2 + (3\text{ N})^2 + (6\text{ N})(3\text{ N}) = 54\text{ N}^2$$ Taking the square root of both sides, we get: $$R = \sqrt{54\text{ N}^2} = 3\sqrt{6}\text{ N} \approx 7.746\text{ N}$$ Therefore, the correct answer is (D) \(3\sqrt{3}\) N.

**Question 28**
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Evaluate \(\int_{0}^{2} (8x - 4x^{2}) \mathrm {d} x\).

**Answer Details**

To evaluate \(\int_{0}^{2} (8x - 4x^{2}) \mathrm {d} x\), we first need to find the antiderivative of the integrand with respect to x. \[\int (8x - 4x^{2}) \mathrm {d} x = 4x^{2} - \frac{4}{3} x^{3} + C\] where C is the constant of integration. Using the limits of integration, we can evaluate the definite integral as follows: \[\int_{0}^{2} (8x - 4x^{2}) \mathrm {d} x = \left[4x^{2} - \frac{4}{3} x^{3}\right]_{0}^{2}\] \[= \left[4(2)^{2} - \frac{4}{3}(2)^{3}\right] - \left[4(0)^{2} - \frac{4}{3}(0)^{3}\right]\] \[= \frac{16}{3}\] Therefore, the answer is \(\frac{16}{3}\). Option (c) is the correct answer.

**Question 29**
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Find the equation of the line that is perpendicular to \(2y + 5x - 6 = 0\) and bisects the line joining the points P(4, 3) and Q(-6, 1).

**Question 30**
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Given that \(\frac{\mathrm d y}{\mathrm d x} = \sqrt{x}\), find y.

**Answer Details**

Given that \(\frac{\mathrm d y}{\mathrm d x} = \sqrt{x}\), we can integrate both sides with respect to x to obtain the original function y(x). $$ \frac{\mathrm d y}{\mathrm d x} = \sqrt{x} \\ \int \frac{\mathrm d y}{\mathrm d x} \mathrm d x= \int \sqrt{x} \mathrm d x\\ y= \int x^{\frac{1}{2}} \mathrm d x \\ y= \frac{2}{3}x^{\frac{3}{2}} + c $$ where c is an arbitrary constant of integration. Therefore, the correct option is (b) \(\frac{2}{3}x^{\frac{3}{2}} + c\).

**Question 31**
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Find the third term in the expansion of \((a - b)^{6}\) in ascending powers of b.

**Answer Details**

To find the third term in the expansion of \((a-b)^6\) in ascending powers of b, we can use the binomial theorem, which states that: \[(a-b)^6 = \sum_{n=0}^{6} {6 \choose n} a^{6-n}(-b)^n\] The third term is the term where n=2, so we plug in n=2 into the above formula and simplify: \[{6 \choose 2} a^{6-2}(-b)^2 = 15a^4b^2\] Therefore, the third term in the expansion of \((a-b)^6\) in ascending powers of b is \(15a^4b^2\). So the correct answer is option B, "15a^4b^2".

**Question 32**
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The angle subtended by an arc of a circle at the centre is \(\frac{\pi}{3} radians\). If the radius of the circle is 12cm, calculate the perimeter of the major arc.

**Question 33**
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P and Q are the points (3, 1) and (7, 4) respectively. Find the unit vector along PQ.

**Question 34**
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If \(g(x) = \frac{x + 1}{x - 2}, x \neq -2\), find \(g^{-1}(2)\).

**Question 35**
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Solve: \(\sin \theta = \tan \theta\)

**Answer Details**

We can use the trigonometric identity \(\tan \theta = \dfrac{\sin \theta}{\cos \theta}\) to rewrite the given equation as \(\sin \theta = \dfrac{\sin \theta}{\cos \theta}\). Multiplying both sides by \(\cos \theta\) and simplifying, we get \(\cos \theta = 1\). Therefore, the possible solutions are those angles whose cosine is 1, which are multiples of 360 degrees. Among the given options, only 0 degrees (option D) is a multiple of 360 degrees. So, the answer is \(\theta = 0^{\circ}\).

**Question 36**
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If \(V = \begin{pmatrix} -2 \\ 4 \end{pmatrix}\) and \(U = \begin{pmatrix} -1 \\ 5 \end{pmatrix}\), find \(|U + V|\).

**Answer Details**

We can find the sum of the vectors U and V by adding their corresponding components, i.e., $$ U + V = \begin{pmatrix} -1 \\ 5 \end{pmatrix} + \begin{pmatrix} -2 \\ 4 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} -3 \\ 9 \end{pmatrix}. $$ Then, the magnitude (length) of the vector U + V is given by the formula $$ |U + V| = \sqrt{(-3)^2 + 9^2} = \sqrt{90} = 3\sqrt{10}. $$ Therefore, the answer is \(3\sqrt{10}\).

**Question 37**
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A body is kept at rest by three forces \(F_{1} = (10N, 030°), F_{2} = (10N, 150°)\) and \(F_{3}\). Find \(F_{3}\).

**Question 38**
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If \(\alpha\) and \(\beta\) are the roots of the equation \(2x^{2} - 6x + 5 = 0\), evaluate \(\frac{\beta}{\alpha} + \frac{\alpha}{\beta}\).

**Question 39**
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An object is thrown vertically upwards from the top of a cliff with a velocity of \(25ms^{-1}\). Find the time, in seconds, when it is 20 metres above the cliff. \([g = 10ms^{-2}]\).

**Question 40**
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Find the coordinates of the point which divides the line joining P(-2, 3) and Q(4, 9) internally in the ratio 2 : 3.

**Answer Details**

To solve this problem, we will use the section formula. Let the point which divides the line segment PQ internally in the ratio 2:3 be R(x,y). Then we have: \begin{align*} x = \frac{3\times(-2) + 2\times4}{2+3} = \frac{6}{5} \\ y = \frac{3\times3 + 2\times9}{2+3} = \frac{24}{5} \end{align*} Therefore, the coordinates of R are \((\frac{6}{5},\frac{24}{5})\), which corresponds to option (B).

**Question 41**
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A stone is dropped vertically downwards from the top of a tower of height 45m with a speed of 20 ms\(^{-1}\). Find the :

(a) time it takes to reach the ground ;

(b) speed with which it hits the ground. [Take \(g = 10 ms^{-2}\)].

None

**Question 42**
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(a) Find the maximum and minimum points of the curve \(y = 2x^{3} - 3x^{2} - 12x + 4\).

(b) Sketch the curve in (a) above.

None

**Question 43**
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(a) If the coefficient of \(x^{2}\) and \(x^{3}\) in the expansion of \((p + qx)^{7}\) are equal, express q in terms of p.

(b) A man makes a weekly contribution into a fund. In the first week, he paid N180.00, second week N260.00, third week N340.00 and so on. How much would he have contributed in 16 weeks?

None

**Question 44**
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The initial velocity of a particle of mass 0.1kg is 40 m/s in the direction of the unit vector j. The velocity of the particle changed to 30 m/s in the direction of the unit vector i. Find the change in momentum.

None

**Question 45**
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(a) A bag contains 5 blue, 4 green and 3 yellow balls. All the balls are identical except for colour. Three balls are drawn at random without replacement. Find the probability that : (i) all three balls have the same colour ; (ii) two balls have the same colour.

(b) The table shows the ranks of the marks scored by 7 candidates in Physics and Chemistry tests.

Physics | 6 | 5 | 4 | 3 | 2 | 7 | 1 |

Chemistry | 7 | 6 | 2 | 4 | 1 | 5 | 3 |

Calculate the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.

None

**Question 46**
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(a) The probability that a man wins a race is 0.8. In four different races, what is the probability that he wins : (i) all races ; (ii) no race ; (iii) at most 3 races ?

(b) A class consists of 5 girls and 10 boys. If a committee of 5 is chosen at random from the class, find the probability that :

(i) 3 boys are selected ; (ii) at least one girl is selected.

None

**Question 47**
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The table shows the distribution of ages of 22 students in a school.

Age (years) | 12-14 | 15-17 | 18-20 | 21-23 | 24-26 |

Frequency | 6 | 10 | 3 | 2 | 1 |

Using an assumed mean of 19, calculate, correct to three significant figures, the :

(a) mean age ; (b) standard deviation ; of the distribution.

None

**Question 48**
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(a) Using a scale of 2 cm to 30° on the x- axis, 2 cm to 0.2 units on the y- axis, on the same graph sheet, draw the graphs of \(y = \sin 2x\) and \(y = \cos x\) for \(0° \leq x \leq 210°\) at intervals of 30°.

(b) Using the graphs in (a), find the truth set of :

(i) \(\sin 2x = 0\) ; (ii) \(\sin 2x - \cos x = 0\).

None

**Question 49**
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Calculate the gradient of the curve \(x^{3} + y^{3} - 2xy = 11\) at (2, -1).

None

**Question 50**
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A side of a rectangle is three times the other. If the perimeter increases by 2%, find the percentage increase in the area of the rectangle.

None

**Question 51**
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The line \(2y = x + 3\) meets the circle \(x^{2} + y^{2} - 2x + 6y - 15 = 0\) at points M and N, where N is in the first quadrant. Find the coordinates of M and N.

None

**Question 52**
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Three school prefects are to be chosen from four girls and five boys. What is the probability that :

(a) only boys will be chosen ;

(b) more girls than boys will be chosen ?

None

**Question 53**
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(a) The sum of the first three terms of a decreasing exponential sequence (G.P) is equal to 7 and the product of these three is equal to 8. Find the :

(i) common ratio ; (ii) first three terms of the sequence.

(b) Using the trapezium rule with the ordinates at x = 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, calculate, correct to two decimal places, the value of \(\int_{1} ^{5} (x + \frac{2}{x^{2}}) \mathrm {d} x\).

None

**Question 54**
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A particle is under the action of forces \(P = (4N, 030°)\) and \(R = (10N, 300°)\). Find the force that will keep the particle in equilibrium.

None

**Question 55**
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The displacement S metres of a particle from a fixed point O at time t seconds is given by \(S = t^{2} - 6t + 5\).

(a) On a graph sheet, draw a displacement- time graph for the interval \(0 \leq x \leq 6\).

(b) From the graph, find the : (i) time at which the velocity is zero ; (ii) average velocity over the interval \(0 \leq x \leq 4\) ; (iii) total distance covered in the interval \(0 \leq x \leq 5\).

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**Question 56**
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(a) Three vectors a, b and c are \(\begin{pmatrix} 8 \\ 3 \end{pmatrix}, \begin{pmatrix} 6 \\ -5 \end{pmatrix}\) and \(\begin{pmatrix} 2 \\ -3 \end{pmatrix}\) respectively. Find the vector d such that \(|d| = \sqrt{41}\) and d is in the direction of \(a + b - 2c\).

(b) The coordinates of A and B are (3, 4) and (3, n) respectively. If AOB = 30°, find, correct to 2 decimal places, the values of n.

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**Question 57**
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(a) Differentiate \(\frac{x^{2} + 1}{(x + 1)^{2}}\) with respect to x.

(b)(i) Evaluate \(\begin{vmatrix} 1 & 2 & -1 \\ 2 & 3 & -1 \\ -1 & 1 & 3 \end{vmatrix}\).

(ii) Using the answer in (b)(i), solve the system of equations.

\(x + 2y - z = 4\)

\(2x + 3y - z = 2\)

\(-x + y + 3z = -1\).

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**Answer Details**

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**Question 58**
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The table gives the relationship between the height, in metres, of a plant and the number of days it is left to grow.

Number of days (x) |
10 | 20 | 30 | 40 | 50 | 60 | 70 | 80 |

Height (y) | 1.0 | 1.1 | 1.2 | 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.8 | 2.0 | 2.3 |

(a) Using a scale of 2 cm to represent 0.5 units on the y- axis and 2cm to 10 units on the x- axis, draw a scatter diagram for the information.

(b) Find \(\bar{x}\), the mean of x, and \(\bar{y}\), the mean of y, and plot \((\bar{x}, \bar{y})\) on the diagram.

(c) Draw the line of best fit to pass through \((\bar{x}, \bar{y})\) and \((10, 1)\).

(d) From graph, find the :

(i) equation of the line of best fit ; (ii) height of plant in 75 days.

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