Question 1 Report
Which of the following can bring about the greatest increase in the rate of transpiration?
Reduced humidity can bring about the greatest increase in the rate of transpiration. Transpiration is the process by which water evaporates from the leaves of plants, primarily through small pores called stomata. When the air surrounding the plant is humid, it already contains a high amount of water vapor, which makes it more difficult for water to evaporate from the leaves. On the other hand, when the air is dry, there is less water vapor in the air, creating a larger concentration gradient that drives water to evaporate from the leaves. This results in a higher rate of transpiration. Therefore, reduced humidity can lead to an increase in the rate of transpiration in plants. The other options - increased humidity, reduced temperature, and reduced wind speed - all work in the opposite direction and can decrease the rate of transpiration.