Question 1 Report
The greatest contribution to genetic studies was made by
The greatest contribution to genetic studies was made by Gregor Mendel. He was an Austrian monk who discovered the basic principles of inheritance through his experiments with pea plants in the mid-19th century. Mendel's experiments involved cross-breeding different pea plants and observing how certain traits, such as flower color or seed shape, were passed down from generation to generation. He noticed that certain traits would always appear in the offspring in predictable ratios, suggesting that there were underlying "units of inheritance" that were being passed down from the parents. Mendel's work laid the foundation for the field of genetics and provided the first clear understanding of how traits are inherited from one generation to the next. He proposed the idea of dominant and recessive traits, and also introduced the concept of genetic segregation, which explains how traits can be passed down from parents to offspring independently of each other. Overall, Mendel's discoveries helped scientists to understand the basic rules of heredity and set the stage for future breakthroughs in genetics.