The region of a plant stem in which cells divide to increase its diameter is
The region of a plant stem in which cells divide to increase its diameter is called the cambium. The cambium is a thin layer of meristematic cells located between the xylem and phloem in the stem and root of a plant. It produces new cells that differentiate into secondary xylem (wood) towards the inside and secondary phloem (inner bark) towards the outside of the stem. The cambium is responsible for the radial growth of the plant, which increases the diameter of the stem over time.