Question 1 Report
Melting ice cools an orange drink far better than the same mass of ice-cold water because
Melting ice cools an orange drink better than the same mass of ice-cold water because ice absorbs latent heat during melting. Latent heat is the heat energy required to change the state of a substance without changing its temperature. When ice melts, it absorbs latent heat from the drink to overcome the intermolecular forces holding its particles together. This absorption of latent heat results in cooling of the drink. On the other hand, ice-cold water has already reached its melting point, and there is no further absorption of latent heat during cooling. Water has a higher specific heat than ice, which means it can absorb more heat energy without changing its temperature. However, this does not contribute to better cooling of the drink. Option (i) is incorrect because ice-cold water is actually at a lower temperature than melting ice. Option (iii) is also incorrect because while ice floats, it does not cool the air above the drink significantly. Option (v) is not entirely correct because while ice can make better thermal contact than water, it is the absorption of latent heat that makes it more effective in cooling the drink. Therefore, the correct answer is option (iv) ice absorbs latent heat during melting.