This question is based on General Literature Principles and Literary Appreciation.
A necessary quality of every work of literature is that it
A necessary quality of every work of literature is that it shows a creative use of language. This means that literature uses language in a unique and artistic way to express ideas, emotions, and experiences. It's not necessary for literature to be publishable or teach a moral lesson, but it must use language in a way that sets it apart from everyday speech. Literature can have characters or actors, but this is not the defining characteristic of literary works. The creative use of language is what distinguishes literature from other forms of communication.