The sum of the 1st and 2nd terms of an A.P. is 4 and the 10th term is 19. Find the sum of the 5th and 6th terms.

Answer Details

Let's start by finding the common difference of the arithmetic progression using the 1st and 2nd terms.
Let the first term be "a" and the common difference be "d".
The first term is "a", the second term is "a + d", and the 10th term is "a + 9d".
Given that the sum of the 1st and 2nd terms is 4, we have:
a + (a + d) = 4
2a + d = 4 -----(1)
Also, the 10th term is 19, so:
a + 9d = 19 -----(2)
We now have two equations with two variables, which we can solve to find the values of "a" and "d".
From equation (1), we get:
d = 4 - 2a
Substituting into equation (2), we get:
a + 9(4 - 2a) = 19
Solving for "a", we get:
a = 1
Substituting this value of "a" into equation (1), we get:
2 + d = 4
d = 2
So the common difference is 2.
Now, we can find the 5th and 6th terms of the arithmetic progression:
The 5th term = a + 4d = 1 + 4(2) = 9
The 6th term = a + 5d = 1 + 5(2) = 11
Therefore, the sum of the 5th and 6th terms is:
9 + 11 = 20
So the answer is 20.