Which of the following periods marked the beginning of agricultural practices by early human societies?
The period that marked the beginning of agricultural practices by early human societies was the Paleolithic Age. During this time, which lasted from about 2.6 million years ago to around 10,000 BCE, humans transitioned from being nomadic hunter-gatherers to settled farmers.
Early humans during the Paleolithic Age relied on hunting animals and gathering fruits, nuts, and plants for their survival. However, as they migrated to different regions, they realized that certain plants could be intentionally grown from seeds, which led to the development of agriculture.
Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and domesticating animals for food and other resources. In the Paleolithic Age, humans began experimenting with cultivating plants such as lentils, wheat, barley, and peas. They learned to water and care for these plants, which eventually led to the domestication of crops.
The ability to grow their own food had several benefits for early human societies. It provided a more stable and reliable food source, which allowed for larger and more settled communities to form. Farming also allowed people to produce a surplus of food, which could be stored and traded, leading to the development of more complex economic systems.
Overall, the Paleolithic Age marked the beginning of agricultural practices by early human societies. This shift from hunting and gathering to farming revolutionized human civilization, leading to significant changes in food production, settlement patterns, and societal development.