Question 1 Report
The specific number of chromosomes in each somatic cell is represented by "2N". "2N" stands for "diploid number," which refers to the number of chromosomes found in somatic cells, or non-reproductive cells, in an organism. The diploid number is the total number of chromosome pairs that an organism has, with one chromosome from each pair inherited from each parent. For example, humans have a diploid number of 46, which means that they have 23 pairs of chromosomes in each somatic cell. Each chromosome in a pair carries similar genetic information, although there may be slight differences in the alleles present on each chromosome. In contrast, "N" represents the haploid number, which is half the number of chromosomes found in somatic cells. Haploid cells are found in the reproductive organs and contain only one set of chromosomes. When two haploid cells combine during fertilization, they form a diploid cell with the full complement of chromosomes.