The main objectives of establishing forest in the arid regions is to
The main objective of establishing forests in arid regions is to "check desert encroachment."
Arid regions are characterized by low rainfall, high temperatures, and limited vegetation cover. As a result, they are prone to desertification, which is the gradual process of turning productive land into desert. Desertification can be caused by human activities such as overgrazing, deforestation, and improper land use practices, as well as natural factors such as climate change and drought.
Establishing forests in arid regions can help to check desert encroachment by increasing the vegetative cover and protecting the soil from erosion. Forests also help to stabilize the climate by reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere through photosynthesis. Additionally, they help to maintain the water cycle by increasing the amount of rainfall and reducing the amount of runoff.
While providing firewood for cooking, bushmeat, and improving the beauty of the environment may be important co-benefits of establishing forests in arid regions, the primary objective is to prevent desertification and preserve the productivity of the land.