Question 1 Report
The preferential discharge of ions during electrolysis is influenced by the
The preferential discharge of ions during electrolysis is influenced by the nature of the electrode and electrolytic reactions. During electrolysis, the positive and negative ions in the electrolyte solution move towards the respective electrodes. The electrode's surface and the type of electrolytic reaction determine the preferential discharge of ions. When an electrode's surface has a high affinity for a particular ion, that ion will preferentially discharge at that electrode. For example, if the electrode is made of copper and the electrolyte solution contains copper ions and hydrogen ions, copper ions will preferentially discharge at the electrode's surface. Additionally, the type of electrolytic reaction can influence ion preference. For instance, in the electrolysis of water, hydrogen ions are preferentially discharged at the cathode, and oxygen ions are preferentially discharged at the anode. The mechanism of electrolysis and type of electrolytic cell can also play a role in the preferential discharge of ions.