Question 1 Report
The group to which elements belong in the periodic table is determined by the number?
The group to which elements belong in the periodic table is determined by the number of valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost shell (valence shell) of an atom that are involved in chemical bonding. The group number of an element in the periodic table corresponds to the number of valence electrons in its atom. For example, elements in Group 1 (also known as the alkali metals) have one valence electron, elements in Group 2 (also known as the alkaline earth metals) have two valence electrons, and so on. Elements in the same group have similar chemical and physical properties due to their similar valence electron configurations. Therefore, the correct option is "valence electrons".