Question 1 Report
which of the following solutions containing one mole per dm\(^3\) of the compound would have the lowest PH?
The pH of a solution is a measure of its acidity, with a lower pH indicating a more acidic solution and a higher pH indicating a more basic solution. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. Of the options given, hydrochloric acid has the lowest pH because it is a strong acid. Ethanoic acid (also known as acetic acid) is a weak acid, so its pH is higher than that of hydrochloric acid. Sodium chloride is a salt and does not contribute to the acidity of a solution, so its pH would be neutral (7). Sodium hydrogen trioxocarbonate (IV), also known as sodium carbonate, is a basic compound, so its pH would be higher than 7, meaning it is not as acidic as the other options. Therefore, hydrochloric acid would have the lowest pH of the solutions listed.